Content posted July 9, 2017

Registry of Jewish Rescuers (H-L)

* = killed


 

Name

Location

Description/Organization[Reference(s)]

Ralph A. Habas

New York, USA

Co-founder, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Junior Division, 1933

William Haber (1899-1988)

USA

Executive director, National Refugee Service (NRS), 1939-1941

[NRS Archives]

David Hacohen

Palestine

Haganah, Illegal Immigration

Pál Hacker (Joel Halevi; 1927-1994)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Underground activist, partisan

[Gur 2007. P.125]

Ze’ev Hadari (b. 1916; Venia Pomerantz)

 

Jewish Agency for Palestine (Yishuv), Rescue Committee for Jewish Agency, Turkey

Mossal Le Aliya Bet, Bulgaria

[Friling 2005.]

Marc Haguenau

France

Activist.  Entr’aide Français Israélite (EFI)

Hagenau Platoon, leader

French jewish Scouts (EIF)

[Lazake 1996.

Marrus 1981.

Rayski 2005.]

Avraham Haft

Palestine

Secretariat, Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Mapai Party (labor), rescue activist

Treasurer, Kibbutz Deganya Aleph

[Friling 2005.

Ofer 1990. P.204]

Frank E. Hahn

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Secretary, Alliance Israelite Universelle of America, Central Committee

Rabbi Hugo Hahn

Germany

Founder, Reich Representative Council of German Jews (Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Jduen), 1933

Ninon Haït

France

EIF – French Jewish Scouts

SSJ – Social Service for Youth

Main Office for the Shelter (DCA)

Helped Jews leave Gurs Camp

[Poznanski 2001. P.193]

Hillel Hakohen (1925-2003)

Hungary; Slovakia

Hashomer Hatzair

Tiyul escape leader

Caught and escaped from deportation to Auschwitz

[Gur 2007. P.123]

Joseph Hálasz* (1924-1944)

Hungary; Slovakia

Underground activist, partisan

Deported to and murdered in Auschwitz

[Gur 2007. P.124]

Jozef Halpern

Budapest, Hungary

Assistant to Szidonia Feldman at the Division of Public Feeding (Népélmezési Osztaly) in the Pest Ghetto. Fed thousands of Jews during Arrow Cross occupation

[Braham 1981. P.860]

Georges Halphen

France

Central Consistory Office of Studies

[Poznanski 2001. P.128]

Paul Halter

Belgium

Partisan Group Leader

Rescued Jewish Children in Brussels

[Suhl 1967. P.310]

Salmon P. Halle

Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Heinrich Haller

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

[Perl 1979.]

Paul Haller

Belgium

Underground rescue activist

Paul Haller

Vienna, Austria

Slovakia

Carpatho Russia

Eastern Czeckoslovakia

Poland

Co-Founder, Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport, leader

Revisionist, Betar

[Perl 1979.]

Rose Halprin (1896-1978)

USA

Zionist leader

President, Hadassah

Rescue advocate

Isaac Hamlin

New York, USA

National Secretary, National Labor Committee for Palestine

Histadrut Labor Federation, fundraising

Dr. Fréderic Hammel

France

MJS, rescued Jewish children in France

Worked with Rabbi Leo Cohen

French jewish Scouts (EIF)

[Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.]

Dr. Simeon (Shimon, Chameau) Hammel

France

Entr’aide Français Israélite (EFI)

French Jewish Scouts (EIF ; Eclaireurs Israélites de France)

Service d’Evacuation et de Rassemblement d’Enfants

Rescue leader, Tiyyul

Rabbi Asher Hananel

Sofia, Bulgaria

Chief Rabbi of Sofia; community leader, rescue advocate, lobbied Bulgarian officials

[Chary 1970. P.70, 148-151, 189]

Hadasa Hantos (Edit Singer) (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Underground Activist in Swiss Glass House

[Gur 2007. Pp.125-126]

Morris W. Haft

New York, New York, USA

Executive Committee, Board of Directors, JDC

Dov Harari

Romania

Jewish Agency for Palestine

Yishuv Parachutist

Organized emigration to Palestine

[Friling 2005.]

Károly Harkány

Budapest, Hungary

Volunteer Ambulance Service of Budapest (BÖME)

[Braham 1981. P.986]

David E. Harlem

Denver, Colorado, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Maximilian Apolinary Hartglas (1883-1953)

Palestine

Secretariat, Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv), political secretary, 1943-1947

Last president of Zionist Organization before World War II

[Friling 2005.]

Albert Hartman

Cuba

Joint Relief Committee (JRC), part of American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Judith Scharf Hartman, b. 1921

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist

Deported to Auschwitz, survived

[Gur 2007. P.127]

Jacob Solomon Hartog

USA

Vice president, Netherlands Jewish Society, Inc.

Samuel Hausman

New York, NY., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Martha Hausner

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

[Perl 1979.]

Ina Haxen

Denmark

Rescue activist

[Yahil 1969.]

Saul Hayes

Montreal, Canada

Executive director, United Jewish Refugee and War Relief Agencies (United)

Canadian Jewish Committee for Refugees

Erwin Hayman

Switzerland

Rescue worker

[Häsler 1969.]

Jaakov Hazan

 

Advisor, Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Ben Zion Hebrony

New York, USA

Executive secretary, Tel Hai Fund

Ben Hecht (1894-1964)

USA

Playwright, screenwriter, journalist, author

Rescue advocate with Bergson Group (Emergency Committee for the Rescue of European Jews)

Organized illegal immigration

[Wyman]

Reuven Hecht

Switzerland; Europe

Mossad Aliyah Bet

Irgun representative for Aliyah Bet

HIJEFS

Dézi Heffner-Reiner (b. 1927)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

Aided and hid refugees in Budapest and in countryside ; distributed protective papers ; hid Jews in her home

[Gur 2007. P.128]

Imre “Hefi” Heffner (1924-1948)

Hungary

Dror Habonim

Aided refugees from Poland and Slovakia ; helped save Jews in Hungarian provinces ; distributed protective documents

[Gur 2007. P.128-129]

Maurice Heiber

Belgium

Jewish Defense Committee (CDJ ; Comité de Défense des Juifs)

Jacques Heibronner* (1873-1943)

Southern France

President, Central Consistory of French Jews

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society) representative

Protested treatment of Jews in France

Killed with wife in Auschwitz, November 1943

[Adler 1985.

Cohen 1987.

Lazar 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

Otto Heim

Switzerland

Rescue and relief worker

[Häsler 1969.]

Leo H. Heimerdinger

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Adolph Held (1933-1945)

New York, USA

Chairman, Jewish Labor Committee (JLC), 1933-1945

Executive Committee, Board of Directors, JDC

Vice chair, General Jewish Council

Treasurer, United Galician Jews of America

[Ginzberg 1942. P.168]

Eugene Hellendael

Belgium

Belgian national jewish Council

Jewish Defense Committee (CDJ ; Comité de Défense des Juifs) ; AJB

James G. Heller

USA

Co-chairman, United Palestine Appeal

Dr. Kurt Heller

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Federation of Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia-Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Relief and Care of the Poor

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Marco F. Hellman

New York, USA

Associate treasurer, Board of Directors, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Hilde Helman

Southern France

Secretary to Claude Kelman; assisted by Germans.

[Rayski 2005. P.205]

Benjamin W. Hendles

New York City, New York, USA

Executive director, Agudas Israel of America, Inc.

Arthur Henriques

Copenhagen, Denmark

Community Leader

Rescue Activist

[Yahil 1969. P.169, 210]

Carl Bernard  Henriques

Copenhagen, Denmark

Chairman of Jewish Community

Rep of American Jewish Joint Distribution Comm.

Helped Jewish Refugees in Denmark

[Yahil 1969. Pp.200,207-222]

Carl Otto Henriques

Denmark

[Yahil 1969. Pp.353,373]

Moritz Henschel

Berlin, Germany

Community leader

Reich Union

Deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp, June 1943

Imre (Yitzak “Mimish”) Herbst (1916-1978)

Budapest, Hungary

Leader, Hashomer Hatzair

Major aid and rescue activist

Captured, tortured, escaped

Husband of Judith Herbst

[Gur 2007. P.129]

Abraham Herman

New York, USA

President, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS), delegate to ICA 1933, secretary HIAS 1942, board of directors

Went on missions to Europe

[HIAS Archives, Yivo, NY

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Harry G. Herman

USA

HIAS board of directors 1933-1939; rescue activist

[HIAS Archives, Yivo, NY

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Nahum Herman

France

Karen Hayesod

[Poznanski 2001. P.470]

Shlomo Ladislav Herman* (1925-1944)

Hungary

Underground activist

Arrested, deported to Auschwitz, murdered

[Gur 2007. P.130]

Endre (Uri) Hermann* (1923-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Leader, Hashomer Hatzair

Helped refugees from Slovakia

Leader of rescue and relief efforts; deported to Auschwitz and other camps, murdered

[Gur 2007. Pp.130-131]

Dr. Leo Hermann

Prague, Czechoslovakia

Zionist leader, initiated Transfer Agreement in Czechoslovakia; Transfer Committee

[Dagan 1984. VIII

Rothkirchen 2005.]

Chaim Hermesh

Slovakia

Yishuv Parachutist

Participated in Slovakian national uprising

[Friling 2005.]

Sidney L. Herold

Sherveport, Louisiana, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Fritz Herrenfeld

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

[Perl 1978.]

Michael Herszkowicz

Lodz Ghetto

Underground activist, “Called Foreign Secretary”

Henri Hertz

France

Executive Committee, Federation of French Jewish Organizations (FSJF), Coordination Committee

[Adler 1985. P.242

Poznanski 2001.]

Ernst Herzfeld

Germany

Deputy, Reich Representative Council of the German Jews (Reichsvertretuing der Deutschen Juden), 1933

Dr. Felix Herzig

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

[Perl 1978.]

Chief Rabbi Yitzak Herzog (1888-1959)

Turkey, Palestine

Chief Rabbi of Ireland, 1925; Chief Rabbi of Palestine, 1936

Jewish rescue organizer, Turkey

[Friling 2005.

Ofer 1990.]

György (Georg) Hesser* (1922-1943)

Újvidék (Novi Sad)

Fighting Underground

Hashomer Hatzair

Arrested, sent to labor camp in Ukraine, died there

[Gur 2007. P.131]

Maurice B. Hexter

USA

Chairman of board of directors, DORSA, 1948-1982

President, JDC, 1943-1952

Dr. Haim Hilfstein

Krakow, Poland

Jewish Aid Center (Jüdische Unterstützungsstelle; JUS)

[Porat 1990. P.243]

Walter S. Hilborn

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Meir Himelfarb*

Tuczyn Ghetto (Równe District)

Rescue leader, deputy chairman Tuczyn Ghetto

Vice Chairman, Jewish Council

Incited Jews to revolt and escape ; set fire to ghetto ; shot by Germans

[Trunk 1974. P.473]

Elizabeth Hirsch

Lyons, France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants; OSE)

Garel Network

[Samuel 2002.]

Hirsch

Berlin, Germany

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Bertha Hirsch*

France

Wife of Sixième physician Dr. Sigismond Hirsch

[Lazare 1996. P.251]

Martin Hirsch

Transylvania

Committee for the Aid of Jewish Refugees from Northern Transylvania (Comitetul de asistentá a refugiatilor evrei din Ardealut de Nord)

Romanian Zionist Federation

Otto Hirsch* (1885-1941)

Germany

Chairman, Reich Representation of German Jews (Reichsvertretung de Deutschen Juden), 1933; Reichsvereinigung, 1939

Helped Jews to emigrate

Deported to Mauthausen concentration camp, reported dead 19 June 1941

[JDC Archives, NY]

Dr. Sigismond Hirsch

France

Physician, Sixième

Wife, Bertha, was killed

[Poznanski 2001. P.415]

Mrs. Walter A. Hirsch

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Gertrude Hirschberg

Chile

Director, Helfsvereinigung für Jüdische Einwanderer, established October 1933, called CISROCO after December 1938

George S. Hirschland

Germany

Founder, president, Reich Representative Council of German Jews (Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Juden), 1933

Chief Rabbi René Hirschler*

France

Founder, Jewish Chaplaincy (Aumônerie Générale Israélite)

Founder, Camps Commission, 1941

Deported and killed

[Cohen 1985.

Rayski 2005.]

Ira Hirschmann (1901-1989)

USA; Turkey

Emergency Committee to Save the Jewish People in Europe

Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA)

President Roosevelt’s special representative, War Refugee Board (WRB), Turkey, 1944

[Hirschman 1946. 1962.

FDR Library, NY

WRB – Final Report]

Otto Albert “Beamish” Hirschmann

Southern France

Emergency Rescue Committee (ERC), 1940-1942

[Fry 1945.

Isenberg

Marino 1999.]

Zoltan Hochauser (Yisrael Harrari; b. 1921)

Budapest, Hungary; Romania

Hashomer Hatzair

Warned Jews in provinces

Tiyul leader in Romania

[Gur 2007. P.126]

Mrs. Hockheimer

Kobe, Japan

JEWCOM (Jewish Committee)

Julius Hochman

New York City, New York, USA

Vice chairman, Jewish Labor Committee (JLC)

Mauricio Hochschild

La Paz, Bolivia

Sociedad de Proteccion a los Immigrantes Israelitas, La Paz (SOPRO), established January 1939; Sociedad Colonizadora de Bolivia, La Paz (SOCOBO), established 1940

Sali Hochschild

Chile

President, founder, Helfsvereinigung für Jüdische Einwanderer, established October 1933, called CISROCO after December 1938

David Hofshteyn

Soviet Union

Jewish Antifascist Committee

Fritz Hollander

Denmark

Committee of Co-operation

[Yahil 1969.]

Jakab (Yaakov) Hollander (b. 1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Helped refugees; worked in Swiss Glass House

Department A, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

[Gur 2007. Pp.131-132]

Louis Hollander

New York City, New York, USA

Vice chairman, Jewish Labor Committee (JLC)

Vice president, United Galician Jews of America

S. Hollander

USA

President, Council of Federations

Harry A. Holzer

Los Angeles, California, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Borbála (Braha ‘Bruhi’) Hönig (b. 1928)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground leader, courier of protective documents

[Gur 2007. P.132]

Gustav Horn

Germany

Hehalutz leader

Tibor (Yehuda) Horn (b.1926)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Helped Jewish prisoners escape detention camps around Budapest

Warned Jews of actions and many were able to escape

[Gur 2007. Pp.132-133]

Tibor Horovitz (Mordechai ben David; alias “Gyüre Miklós”; 1923-1995)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Department A, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Distributed documents and relief supplies; worked at Swiss Glass House

Arrested and escaped

[Gur 2007. P.55]

Abraham Horowitz

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Donald B. Horowitz

London, England

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, JDC1944

Yitzhak (Mimish) Horváth

Hungary

He Halutz Resistance (Zionist Youth Resistance)

[Braham 1981. P.998

Gur 2007.]

Simcha (Sándor) Hunwald* (1914-1945; alias: Hans Kühne)

Slovakia; Budapest, Hungary

Major rescue leader, Hashomer Hatzair in Hungary

Helped smuggle refugees to Budapest from Slovakia

Worked for the Swiss legation at Glass House

Tortured and executed by Hungarian Arrow Cross

[AJC Archives, NY

Braham 1981.

Cohen 1986.

Gur 2007. P.133]

 

Donald B. Hurwitz

London, England; North Africa

Reprsentative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Professor Stephan Hurwitz

Stockholm, Sweden

Danish Refugee Office

[Yahil 1969.]

Albert D. Hutzler

Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Joseph C. Hyman (1889-1949)

USA

Executive director, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1925-1939; executive vice chairman, JDC, 1940-1946

Assistant treasurer, Agro-Joint

Treasurer, European-Jewish Children’s Aid

[JDC Archives, NY]

Solomon Hyman

New York City, New York, USA

Vice president, Agudas Israel of America, Inc.

Aviezer Imber

Slonim Ghetto, Zhabinka District, Belorussia

Armed partisan leader, Antifascist Committee; helped Jews escape ghetto; liberated Jews in Kosovo, October 1943

[Suhl 1967.]

Josef Joshko Indig

Germany; Zagreb, Yugoslavia

Jewish rescuer, member of Ha-Shomer Hatsa’ir; saved 30 Jewish children at Nonantola, Italy

Worked with Recha Frier

[Voight 2005.]

Dr Cornel Ioncu

Romania

Jewish Community leader

Member, Refugee Aid Committee (Comisia Autonoma de Ajutore) Worked with Wilhelm Filderman

[Ancel 1987. Vol5,8]

Stanley M. Isaacs

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Vice president, Baron de Hirsch Fund

Edward L. Israel

USA

Co-chairman, United Palestine Appeal

Wilifred B. Israel* (d. 1943)

Lisbon, Portugal

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

National Committee of Jewish Youth Organizations

Killed in airplane crash

[Friling 2005.

Porat 1990. Pp.112-113]

Henry Ittelson

New York, New York, USA

Executive committee, 1940-1942; Board of Directors; American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Leon Itzcar

 

Rescue activist

Izerliss*

France

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society), killed

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Hava (Éva) Izsák* (1925-1944)

North Transylvania, Hungary

Nagyvárad, Debrecen

 

Hashomer Hatzair

Active underground activist

Took her own life

[Gur 2007. P.136

Miriam 1989. Biography “A Tombstone of Letters & Tears”]

Eri (Theodor) Jabotinsky (1910-1969)

Europe; Paris, France

Leader, Betar in Palestine, Revisionist Youth Movement, Palestine, 1935-1940

Center for Aliyah, Paris, Overland Transportation

Member, Committee for a Jewish Army and Emergency Committee for the Rescue of European Jews (Bergson Group), 1940-1944

Worked with Ira Hirschman (War Refugee Board; WRB), in Turkey, 1944

[Cohen 1985.

Ofer 1990.

Porat 1990.

Rayski 2005.]

Ze’ev (Vladimir) Jabotinsky (1880-1940)

 

Founded New Zionist Organization, 1935

Founded Haganah, 1920

Founder and leader, Revisionist Movement and Party, 1925-1940

Head, Youth Movement, Betar, 1931-1936

Commander, Irgun Zvai Leumi, 1936

Created Jewish Legion (Battalion), WWI

Promoted escape from Europe for Jews

[Frilling 2005.]

Umberto Jacchia

Nonantola, Italy

DELASEM representative

Helped save children at Villa Emma at Nonantola

[Leboucher 1969.]

Jean Jacob*

France

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society), killed

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

Joskite Jacob*

France

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society), killed

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

Mrs. Edward Jacobs

New York, USA

Vice president, Women’s Zionist Organization of America (WZO)

Leslie L. Jacobs

Dallas, Texas, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Morris E. Jacobs

Omaha, Nebraska, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Mrs. Rose Jacobs

USA

American Representatives of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

Samuel William Jacobs

Canada

President, Canadian Jewish Congress

Rescue and relief activist

Bertrand S. Jacobson

Bucharest, Romania; Slovakia; Istambul, Turkey

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) and HIAS-ICA

[Ginzberg 1942. P.194

HIAS Archives, Yivo

JDC Archives, NY]

Mrs. Jacobson

Baltic countries

American Jewish Committee (AJC), representative

AF-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”) – Perl Transport

[Perl 1978.]

Yehuda Jacoubvitch (Jakubowicz)

Paris, France

Secretary, Rue Amelot Committee, Paris

[Adler 1987.

Lazare 1996.]

Betty (Bayla) Jacubovicz

Belgium

Member, Bnei Akiva

Helped Guide Jews to Switzerland

Arrested by Gestapo in 1943.

[Milchman 1998. Pp. 410-412]

Jaffe*

Minsk (Byelorussia)

Chairman, Minsk Jewish Council; warned Jews; facilitated escape

Shot

[Trunk 1974. P. 466]

M. Jahalom

New York, USA

Secretary, Association of Jewish Refugees and Immigrants from Poland

Rodger Jais

Algeria

Rescue and resistance leader

[Eneyclopedia Judaica 1971. P.617]

Jonas Jakobsson

Finland

Rescue activist, community leader

[Rautkallio 1987.]

Janek

Budapest, Hungary

Rescue and relief activist.

Dr. Leo Janowitz

Prague, Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Federation of Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia-Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Department of Emigration Certificates to Palestine

Palestine Office, Prague

Deputy director, “Sacrifice-Build-Live”

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Laura Margolis Jarblum

 

Council of Elders, Terezien concentration camp

Marc Jarblum

France

President, Federation of French Jewish Organizations (FSJF ; Fédération des sociétés Juives de France), Coordinating Committee

[Adler 1987.

Cohen 1987.

Poznanski 2001.

Rayski 2005.]

Alfred Jaretzki, Jr.

New York City, New York, USA

Vice chairman, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1941-1942, 1944-1946; chairman, South America Comm., 1939-1942

Board of Directors, Agro-Joint

[JDC Archives, NY]

D. Jedwabnik

New York, USA

Vice chair, American Committee of OSE

Vice chair, Association of Jewish Refugees and Immigrants from Poland

Israël Jefroykin

France

President of FSJF (Féderation des Sociétés Juives de France) (Federation of French Jewish Organizations)

[Adler 1987. P.87]

Jules (“Dyka”) Jefroykin (1911-1987)

France

Treasurer, Jewish Army (AJ; Armée Juive), Jewish Resistance Movement; AJC

General Union of French Jews (UGIF-S)

Jewish Combat Organization (OJC ; Organisation Juive de Combat)

Jewish Zionist Youth Movement (MJS ; Mouvement de la Jeunesse Sionist)

President, Federation de Societies Juive de France (FSJF)

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Son of Israël Jefroykin

[Adler 1987.

Bauer 1981.

Cohen 1987.

Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.

JDC Archives, NY

Poznanski 2001.]

Eph. Jeshurin

New York City, New York, USA

Vice chairman, Jewish Labor Committee (JLC)

Robert Job

Southern France

Garel Network

[Klarfeld 1985.

Samuel 2002.]

Boris Jochvedson

Ljubljana, Slovenia; Modena, Italy

Helped save Jewish children of Villa Emma at Nonantola (near Modena), Italy

[Voigt 2005.]

Dr. Isaac Joffe

 

American Joint Reconstruction Foundation

[JDC Archives, NY]

Guiseppe Jona

Venice, Italy

President, Jewish Community of Venice

Protested Anti-Semitism in Italy

Committed suicide on 17 September 1943.

[Sarfatti 2006. Pp. 166-167, 364]

Raffaele Jona

Turin, Italy; Swizterland

DELASEM rescue activist; crossed between Turin and Switzerland

[Leboucher 1969.

Sarfatti 2006. Pp. 166,167,364]

Charles H. Jordan

Cuba

Overseas staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1941-1943, 1945; Cuba Nov. 1941-June 1943

[JDC Archives, NY]

Dov Bernard Joseph

Palestine, United States

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Jewish Agency Board

Emergency Committee

[Friling 2005.]

I.S. Joseph

Minneapolis, MN., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Gunnar Josephson

Sweden

Chairman, Refugee Committee

[Koblik 1988. P.49

Yahil 1969. P.336]

George (Giora) Josephthal

Germany

Hehalutz leader

Joseph (Ghert) Jospa

Belgium

Founder, Jewish Defense Committee (CDJ ; Comité de Défense des Juifs)

Yvonne Jospa

Belgium

Jewish Defense Committee (CDJ ; Comité de Défense des Juifs)

Erich Helmuth Jiluis

Denmark

Fisherman, Transported 300 Jewish refugees from Denmark to Sweden. October 1943, worked with Eric Marx

[Yahil 1969. P.342]

József Jung (1926-2002)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist

Deported to Auschwitz, survived

[Gur 2007. Pp.136-137]

Leo Jung

USA

Staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1943-1978; chairman, JDC Committee on Cultural Affairs

[JDC Archives, NY]

Yitshak Junger

Budapest, Hungary

Zionist rescue activist, director of a Jewish children’s home

Department A, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

[Cohen 1986. Pp.176-177]

Prof. Iván Kádár (1921-1995)

Budapest, Hungary

Community Party Military Committee

Found hiding place for forged document printing plant

Liason- courier between youth movements

[Gur 2007. p. 137]

Eliezer Kadmon (Laszlo Kepes; b. 1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Leader, Hanoar Hatzioni

Department A, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Distributed Swiss Schutzpaesse

Partisan fighter

Rescue activist leader

[Cohen 1986.

Gur 2007. P.138]

Dr. Emil Kafka

Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia

Head, Jewish Committee of Prague

Supreme Council of the Federation of Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia-Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), chairman

[Dagan 1984. Vol.1-3

Rothkirchen 2005. Pp.83-84]

Erik Kafka*

Prague, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Federation of Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia-Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Emigration Department

Deported and killed in Mauthausen concentration camp

[Dagan 1984. Vol.1

Rothkirchen 2005. P.126]

Meir Yehuda (Endre) Kahani (1918-1969)

Budapest, Hungary

Poland; Slovakia

Leader Bnei Akiva

Active Aliya Bet, Bricha

Palestine Office, Budapest

Tiyul operative

Member, Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest

He Halutz

[Gur 2007. p.139]

Alexander Kahn (1881-1962)

New York, New York, USA

Founder, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1914; vice chairman, 1937-1961; Committee on Poland and Eastern Europe, Member Executive Committee, Emergency Administration Committee

Director, HIAS, (Hebrew Immigrant Aid and Sheltering Society)

American Representatives of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

Co-chairman, National Labor Committee for Palestine

Board of directors, Agro-Joint

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

JDC Archives, NY]

Bernard Kahn (1876-1955)

France, USA

Chairman, JDC Eurexco, 1924-1938

Founding managing director, JDC, 1924-1939; vice chairman 1950

Board of directors, Agro-Joint

[JDC Archives, NY]

Dr. Franz Kahn*

Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde)

Transfer Committee, Prague

Organization of Central Zionist Federation

Palestine Office

Council of Elders, Terezien

Murdered in Auschwitz

[Dagan 1984. Vol.2,3

Rothkirchen 2005.]

Gaston Kahn

France

Refugee Aid Committee, (Comité de Assistance Aux Refugees), (CAR)

Council Member, General Union of French Jews (UGIF-S)

[Adler 1987.

Cohen 1987.

Poznanski 2001.

Rayski 2001.]

Jean Kahn

France

President of the CRIF

Louis Kahn

France

French Consistory, activist

[Cohen 1987.

Rayski 2005.]

Milton Kahn

Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Simone Kahn

Paris, France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (OSE ; Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants)

Dr. Imre Kalman

Budapest, Hungary

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

Chairman, Revisionist Party

Procured Visas and protective documents from foreign consulates

[Braham 1981. P.452

Perl 1978.]

Rabbi Abraham Kalmanowitz (1891-1964)

USA

Poland

Lithuania

Union of Orthodox Rabbis; major rescue and relief activist

Helped save Mir Yeshiva from Poland

Raised money for rescue operations

[Kranzler 1987.]

Nathan Kamarz*

France

Central Committee for Aid to Emigrants

HIAS-ICA

Killed

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

Baruch Kamin

Romania

Yishuv Parachutist

Organized immigration

[Friling 2005.]

Bernice Kandel

USA

Staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committe (JDC), 1944

Uriel Kaner

Romania

Yishuv partisan, Parachutist

Organized emigration to Palestine

[Friling 2005.]

Dr. Edgar Kanner

Romania

Betar Party

Liesel Kant

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”)

Perl Transport

Procured funds for ship and obtained emigration certificates

[Perl 1978.]

Rabbi René Kapel

France

General Union of French Jews (Union Général des Israelites de France) UGIF – Gurs concentration camp

Warned Jews, relief activist

[Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

Tzivia Kapit

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Rescued children from Kovno ghetto, Spring 1944

[Neshamit pp.318-319

Mrs. A. P. Kaplan

New York, USA

Vice president, American Federation for Polish Jews

Eliezer Kaplan

Turkey

Mossad

Treasurer, Jewish Agency

[Friling 2005.]

Hirsz (Zvi) Kaplinski* (1910-1942)

Lipiczany Forest

Partisan leader, “Kaplinski Battalion”; helped escaped Jews from Zdzieciól ghetto

Killed in action

[Trunk 1972. P.473]

Sammuel Kappel

New York, NY., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Georg Karetski

Germany

Organization of State Zionists, leader, rescue advocate

Karlzbach

France

Right Poale – Zion Relief Activist

Managed a refugee canteen

[Adler 1987. P.172]

Hannah Karminski

Germany

Rescuer; see Cora Berliner

Council member, Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland

Social worker

Deported to death camp

Klári Karni (Elfer Klari) (b.1928)

(Alias Anna Mária Neiderfuhrer)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Liason at Swiss Glass House

Distributed Forged Swiss Protective Papers

[Gur 2007.  P.142]

Pessa Karnovsky

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Rescued children from Kovno ghetto, Spring 1944

[Neshamit pp.318-320]

Dr. Maurice J. Karpf

USA

Graduate school for social work

Rescue activist

[Zucker 2008.]

Karthaus

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”)

Perl Transport

Obtained numerous visas for Austrian Jews, worked with Moshe Auerbach

[Levin 1968. P.133]

Elizabeth Kasser

Budapest

Raoul Wallenberg’s interpreter in Budapest

Wife of Swedish Red Cross rescuer Alexander Kasser

Yechiel Kassup

Northern Italy

Yishuv partisan, Parachutist

[Friling 2005.]

Aaron Kasztersztein

Rome, Italy

DELASEM (Aid Commission for Jewish Refugees; Delegazione Assistenza Emigranti)

Worked with Fr. Marie-Bénoit to protect Jews

[Leboucher 1969.

Waagener 1947.]

Rezsö (Yisrael or Rudolph) Kasztner (1906-1957)

Budapest, Hungary

Executive officer, Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest , 1943-1945

Executive officer, Jewish Council (Zsido Tanacs)

Negotiated with Gestapo for rescue

Organized controversial “Kasztner Train”

[Gur 2007. Pp.142-143]

Mirkó Katic* (1918 – 1943)

Újvidek (Novi Sad)

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground partisan

Killed in prison camp

Alberto H. Kates

Cuba

Joint Relief Committee (JRC)

Part of Joint (JDC)

Mirkó Katic*

Ujvidek (Novi Sad)

Hashomer Hatzair

Anti-Fascist Activist

Caught, sent to forced labor unit in Ukraine, Died in Russian Prison Camp

Alfred Katz

USA

Staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1937-1938

[JDC Archives, NY]

Armand Katz

France

General Council of French Jews (Union Général des Israélites de France; UGIF) Section 4 (Supply section)

Secretary to Andre Bauer

[Adler 1987.

Cohen 1987. P.92]

Imre Katz (1919-1973)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzaioni

Worked in Vatican Office in Budapest

Distributed Vatican protective documents

[Gur 2007. p.144]

Jozsef (Josy) Katz (1923-2004)

Budapest, Hungary

Hazalah rescuer

Hanoar Hatzioni

Partisan Underground

Mordecai Katz

Vienna, Austria; Warsaw, Poland

Aliyah Bet, Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

Betar, Chief in Vienna, Austria

[Ofer 1990.

Perl 1978.]

Nathan Katz (b. 1905)

Paris

American Jewish Joint Distribution I (JDC), secretary general European Executive Council (Eurexco), 1936-1939

[JDC Archives, NY]

Oszkar Katz

 

Shimoni Group

 

 

[Gur 2007. p.139]

Rachele Katz

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Rescued children from Kovno ghetto, Spring 1944

[Neshamit pp.318-320]

Wilhelm Katz

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Social Service Department

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Herbert Katzki (1907-1994)

Paris, France; Lisbon, Portugal

Turkey

USA

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), executive staff, 1936-1979; JDC Eurexco secretary, 1939-1944

(US Citizen)

War Refugee Board (WRB Representative, Turkey, 1944-1945

[Adler 1987.

Bauer 1981.

Cohen 1987.

JDC Archives, NY]

Berl Katznelson (1887-1944)

Palestine

Advisor, Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Zionist labor activist, illegal immigration advocate

Mapai Party founder and leader

[Friling 2005.

Ofer 1990.

Perl 1978.]

Yosef Katznelson

Paris, France

Center for Aliyah, Revisionists Paris, financial transactions

New Zionist Organization (NZO)

[Ofer 1990. P.14]

Edgar J. Kaufman

USA

Chairman, General Jewish Council

Edmund I. Kaufman

USA

Executive Committee, Member, Board of Directors, JDC

Co-chair, Palestine Foundation Fund (Keren Hayesod), Inc.

President, Zionist Organization of America

Co-chair, Executive Committee, United Palestine Appeal

Magda Kaufman (b. 1925) (Pnina Blum)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Helped Jews escape Hungary

Distributed false documents

 

 

Gur (2007) p. 66

Sándor Kaufman (Eliezer Ben-Yitzhak; 1926-1971)

Sékesfehehérvár and Budapest, Hungary

Freed Jews from forced labor camps in Szekesfehehervar

Worked for Swiss legation in Budapest

[Gur 2007.]

Dr. Viktor Kaufman*

Czeckoslovakia

“We Remain Faithful” Petition Committee

[Dagan 1984.

Rothkirchen 2005. Pp. 196, 200]

Pierre Kaufmann

France

Jewish Scouts underground group

Suzanne Keif

Lyon, France

Committee for Assistance to Refugees from Germany (CAR)

Jacqueline Keller

France

Executive Director, CRIF

Claude Kelman

Southern France

Federation of Jewish Associations of France (FSJF)

Dubouchage Committee (Refugee Aid Committee), Nice

[Latour 1970/1981. Pp.147

Lazare 1996.]

Jackie Kémeny (Yermiyahu Kama) (1924-1993)

Slovakia

Hungary

Leader Hashomer Hatzair – Slovakia

Arrested, escaped several times

Fought as Partisan

[Gur 2007. P.140]

Dr. Edward Kenner

Romania

Rescue activist, intervened with Romanian officials to help Jews

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”)

Perl Transport

[Ofer 1990.

Perl 1978.]

Jacob Kenner

New York; London

Representation of Polish Jewry

World Jewish Congress

Polish Government in Exile, 1943-1945

Ladislas Kepes

Budapest, Hungary

Hazalah

Haim Keshales

Bulgaria

Community leader, Underground Jewish Consistory; rescue advocate

[Chary 1970. Pp.61-62]

André Kessler

France

French Jewish Scouts

Mordechai Kessler

North Africa

Overseas staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1943-1945

[JDC Archives, NY]

Robert Kiefe

France

Secretary General, Central Consistory of French Jews

[Poznanski 2001.]

Louis E. Kirstein

Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Major relief activist

Allotment Committee, Board of Directors, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

NRS, (National Refugees Service)

UPA

Chairman, American Jewish Committee (AJC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Dr. Isaac Kisch

Netherlands

Jewish Co-ordinating Committee

Oskar Kisicky

Zagreb, Yugoslavia

Jewish community leader; rescue and relief activist

Dr. Pessya Kissin

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Pediatrician, rescued children from Kovno ghetto, hid them among Lithuanian helpers

[Neshamit pp. 318-320]

Joseph Klarman (1909-1987)

Istanbul, Turkey

Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency in Turkey, Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv), 1944

Secretary general and vice president, Revisionists Party in Poland, 1934-1939

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport, in Balkans

[Friling 2005.

Ofer 1990.

Perl 1978. P.359]

Fritz Klaus

Budapest, Hungary

He Halutz

Rescue activist, resistance fighter, set up bunkers

[Cohen 1986. P.196]

Professor Klausner

Palestine

Executive committee, Al-Domi (No Silence), rescue activist

Dr. Alfred Klee

Great Britain

American Joint Reconstruction Foundation (ICA)

Sydney M. Kleeman

Charleston, WV., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Dr. Alexander Klein

Zagreb, Yugoslavia

Hilfskomite für Jüdische Flüchtlinge; Secretary to Jewish community; rescue and relief activist

Alex Klein

USA

Treasurer, Association of Hungarian Jews of America

Carol Klein

USA

Vice president, Association of Hungarian Jews of America

Dávid Dudu Klein* (1923-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair, Worled at Swiss Legation

Dept A, International Committee of the Red Cross

Murdered

[Gur 2007. P.147]

Gyorgy (Moshe ‘Koshe’)Klein (1926-1987)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Worked in Swiss Glass House, distributed protective documents

Posed as Arrow Cross soldier

 

 

[Gur 2007. p.150]

Harry Victor Klein

Italy

DELASEM representative

[Leboucher 1969.]

Helena Klein (Haya Kleinman) (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Distributed Swiss protective documents from Glass House

Rescued Jews from death marches

[Gur 2007. p.151]

Dr. Karl Klein

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Physicians’ Services

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

“Little Skull” Klein

Budapest, Hungary

Hazalah

Worked with Swiss legation

[Cohen 1986.]

Menachem (Meno) Klein* (1917 – 1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Resistance (Zionist Youth Resistance), Hagana Committee (He Halutz)

Arrested, tortured, murdered in Auschwitz

[Cohen 1987.

Gur 2007. P.150]

Moshe “Koshe” (György) Klein (1926-1987)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzait

Distributed forged documents while posing as an Arrow Cross soldier

Shlomo Klein* (1923-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activit, warned Jews

Deported to Auschwitz, fate unknown, presumed murdered

 

 

[Gur 2007. Pp.150-151]

Shoshana-Shosha Klein (1923-1988)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Saved by Swiss Shutzpasse

Underground Activist

 

 

[Gur 2007. P.151]

Théo Klein

Southern France

Former president, CRIF

Leader, Sixth Division

France Jewish Scouts (EIF)

Worked with CIMADE

[Larour 1970/1981. P.147

Rayski 2005.]

Tibor Klein (Moshe Kilon) (1925-1993)

Hungary

Hashomir Hatzair

Distributed forged documents in provinces

Deported to Auschwitz, survived

[Gur 2007. P. 146]

Uri (Imre) Klein

Budapest, Hungary

Halutz, commanded protective bunker

[Cohen 1986. P.197]

Joseph Kleinbaum (Sneh)

Palestine

Secretariat, Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv); Emergency Advisory Committee, Yishuv; Political Department

[Friling 2005.]

Haya Kleinman (Heléna Klein)

Budapest, Hungary

 

Bnei Akiva

Distributed Swiss protective documents from the Swiss Glass House

Rescued Jews from Death Marches

[Gur 2007. P.151]

Joseph Kleinman

Cuba

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), Joint Rel. Comm., 1939-1940

Klepner

Austria

Maccabi, arranged for emigration

Yaacov (Jacob) Klaczko*

Nieswiez Ghetto

Member, Nieswiez Jewish Council, active in armed ghetto resistance; killed

[Trunk 1972. P.472]

Bronia Klibanski (Alias: “Jadwiga Szkibel”)

Poland

Underground courier Hechalutz

He Halutz Hatzair-Dror (Young Pioneers-Freedom)

Underground courier, Warned Jews

[Oral History, Yad Vashem]

Chaika (Chaya) Klinger (1917-1958)

Poland

Leader, Hashomer Hatzair, Poland

Escaped end 1943, to Slovakia; prepared reports to Jews on genocide in Poland

[Porat 1990. P.313]

Menachem (Bèla) Knapp (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Distributed Swiss protective documents from glass house

 

 

[Gur 2007. P.152]

David Knout

France

Commander, Jewish Army (AJ)

Zionist Underground

[Adler 1987.

Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

Aron Kobrowski*

Marcinkance Gehtto (near Grodno)

Chairman, Jewish Council; tried to help Jews escape ghetto; killed

Karl Kohn (Elizer “Eli” Cohen) (b.1918)

Slovakia-Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Smuggled Jews across borders, aided Jews in Budapest

Salamon Kohn (Shlomo Cohen) (b.1921)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

Warned Jews

Tiyul escape leader

[Gur 2007. p.154]

Dr. Janusz Korczak* (Henry Goldszmit) (1878(9)-1942)

Warsaw Ghetto, Poland

Physician, author

Ran Orphanage in Warsaw Ghetto

Volunteered for Deportation to Treblenka with his children

Joseph Kogan

Southern France

Director (Oeuvre de Secours Aux Enfants) OSE, Home Brout-Vernet

Arrested

[Rayski 2005. P.180]

Max Kohler

USA

Refugee activist

American Jewish Committee

B’Nai Brith

Committee on German Jewish Immigration Policy

[Zucker 2008.]

Hillel Kohn

Slovakia; Hungary

Hazalah envoy

Tiyul Slovakia

Slovak partisan

Salamon Kohn (Shlomo Cohen), (1921-1993)

Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Distributed documents, food and money; helped escapees and children

[Gur 2007. P.154]

Isack Kohn

Caracas, Venezuela

President, Comite Israelita Pro Refugiados, December 1943

Jerome H. Kohn

Hartford, Connecticut, USA

Member, Executive Committee, Board of Directors, JDC

Moshe Kol

Palestine

Member, Histadrut Committee for Alleviating the Distress of our Comrades in the Diaspora

Jenö Kolb

Budapest, Hungary

He Halutz

Issued protective papers from Jewish Council

[Braham 1981. P.1000]

Vera Kolchner

Budapest, Hungary

Nurse, relief worker

Teddy Kollek (1911-2006)

Turkey

Hechalutz emissary Europe, 1938-1940

Political Department, Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency in Turkey, Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv), 1944

[Friling 2005.

Ofer 1990.]

Milan Kom* (1923-1941)

Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground Resistance

Activist in “Ba?ki Petrovac” (Petröc)

Caught by Hungarian gendarmer

Shot himself

 

 

[Gur 2007. p.154]

Emery H. Komlos

New York, USA

Assistant secretary, Refugee Economic Corporation

István Komlós

Budapest, Hungary

Clothes Collecting Company

[Braham 1981. P.998]

Otto Komoly* (Nath Ze’Ev) (1882-1945)

Budapest, Hungary

President, General Zionists, Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

President Hungarian Zionist Association

President, Jewish Council (Zsido Tanacs), organized rescue of Jews

Hatzioni Haclai’im

Head, Red Cross offices, Hungary

Murdered by Arrow Cross, January 1945

[Braham 1981.

Cohen 1987.

Gur 2007. P. 155

Levai 1948.]

Paul Komor

Shanghai, China

President, International Committee for the Relief of European Jews (IC); Honorary Counsul for Hungary

Arrested by Japanese

[Komor Diary

Kranzler]

Dr. Hugo Kon

Zagreb, Yugoslavia

Jewish community leader; rescue advocate

Baruch (Bernard) Konfino

Vienna, Austria; Bulgaria

Mossad Aliyah Bet, Revisionist Party

Organized rescue transports

Rabbi Pàl König (Dr. Moshé) (1912-1995)

Budapest, Hungary

Hatzonim Haclahi’im

Underground Activist

Distributed Swiss protective documents

Set up bunkers

[Gur 2007. P.156]

Hermann Königsberg (Menahem Harel) (1930-1990)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Distributed forged protective documents from Swiss Glass House

[Gur 2007. P.127]

Hillel Kook, see Peter H. Bergson

 

 

Mr Köpniwsky

Stockholm, Sweden

Secretary Jewish Community

[Yahi 1969. P.504 FN 53]

Dr. Kopner

Budapest, Hungary

Posed as neutral diplomat to rescue Jews

Isidor Koppelmann

Geneva, Switzerland

World Jewish Congress (WJC)

Miriam Kopstein (Magda Hertschra) (1919-1996)

 

Kistarcsa Camp

Forged documents that helped save Jews in Camp, Arrested

Dr. Janusz Korczak* (Henryk Goldszmit) (1978(9) – 1942)

Warsaw Ghetto

Ran orphanage in Warsaw Ghetto, cared fro 200 children.

Deported with his children to Treblinka death camp in August 1942.

Ruzka Korczak (1921-1988)

Poland

Leader, Hashomer Hatzair, Poland

Underground fighter, Vilna Ghetto, 1942-1943

Partisan, reported on murder of Jews in Europe

Chief Rabbi Koretz

Salonika, Greece

Tried to intervene with German and Greek officials to save Jews from Deportation

[Mazower 1993. Pp. 242-243]

Baruch Korf

USA

Vaad Hatzalah

Ydel Korman

France

Solidarity Leadership

[Adler 1987.]

Josef Korn

Molczadz

Member, Molczadz Jewish Council; warned Jews, promoted escape and rescue

[Trunk 1972. P.464]

Bernard Kornblith

New York

HIAS (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society) New York

Pier Service

Bertsche Kornmehl

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

[Perl 1978.]

Miroslav Korper

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Care of the Sick

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Andor Avraham (“Andi”) Kos (b.1924)

Slovakia, Hungary

Helped refugees from Slovakia, to Budapest

Rescued Jews from forced labor camps

Maned a bunker on Hungary Blvd. arrested and rescued by Zionist Underground

[Gur 2007. pp.156-157]

Jan Kostin

Romania

New Zionist Organization (NZO)

Revisionist Party

Romanian Senator

Negotiated with Romanian officials to facilitate Jewish emigration

[Ofer 1990. Pp.78-79]

Rabbi Aron Kotler

USA

Vaad Hatzalah

Marie Kotowicz*

France

Central Committee for Aid to Emigrants

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society)

Killed

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

Philip Kotzover

Berlin, Germany

Community leader

Reich Union

Deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp

Erwin Kovacs

Slovakia

Hagana Leader

Arranged rescue operation for the Jewish Underground in Central Europe

Saved refugee ship in Atlantic

[Levin 1968. P.145]

Dr. Tibor Kovács (d. 1958)

Slovakia

Jewish community leader, Zionist leader

Head of the Jewish Center (UZ), Secretariat

Working Group (Pracovná Skupina)

Confidential representative, JDC

[Dagan 1984. Vol.3 pp.205,246]

Eliezer Köves

Hungary

Helped Jewish families who escaped from Dachau concentration camp

Son of Lazlo Koves

László Köves (Dr. Even Eliezer) (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Balatonboglár Camp Resistence

Hanoar Hatzioni

Helped refugees from Slovakia dn Germany

Underground activist

 

 

[Gur 2007. P.80]

Peter Köves

 

Member, Shimoni Group

[Gur 2007. P. 157]

Gizi Kövesi (Freidman) (1909-1975)

Budapest, Hungary

Helped refugees from Poland and Slovakia

Hid refugees in home

Worked in Swiss Glass House

[Gur 2007. P. 157]

Abba Kovner

Vilnius Ghetto, Lithuania

Leader, United Partisan Organization; led revolt and escape from ghetto

Sidor Artemevich Kovpak (1887-1967)

 

Soviet partisan leader

Liberated Jews from Skalat Labor Camp in Caratitian (?) Mountains in June 1943.

Aaron Kovrovski*

Marcinkance Ghetto

Chairman, Marcinkance Ghetto; warned Jews of liquidation of ghetto; 200 escaped; killed

Leah Kozal

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Saved children from Kovno ghetto, Spring 1944

[Neshamit pp.318-320]

Lonka Koziebrodzka*

Bialystock Ghetto, Poland

Underground courier

Posed as a Chsitsian

Zionist Youth courier between ghettos in Poland and Lithuania

Killed in Bialystock Ghetto uprising

[Daring to Resist 2007. Pp. 86-88]

Jozek (Azriel) Kozuch*

Sosnowiec Ghetto, Poland

Underground partisan leader; Ha-No’ar Ha Tsiyyoni; helped Jews escape ghetto; killed

He Haltz Underground fighter/rescuer

[Apenzalak 1944.

Trunk 1974.]

Nathan Kramarz*

France

Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS-HICEM)

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

Haskel W. Kramer

Los Angeles, CA., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Dr. Karmil Krasnansky

Slovakia

Intervewed Auschwitz escapees prepared report, warned Jews of Shoa

Oskar Krasnianski

Czechoslovakia

Jewish community leader, confidential representative, JDC

Member “Working Group” (Pracovná Skupina)

[AJC Archives, NY

Dagan 1984. Vol.3 p.317

Verba.]

Henri Krasucki

Paris,France

Rescue activist, In charge of youth activities in Paris

[Alder 1987. P.213

Rayski 2005. P.87]

Eric Kraus

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Organizations Office

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Miklós Moshe Krausz (1908-1985)

Budapest, Hungary

Leader Mizrahi-Hapoel Hamizrahi

Secretary & Manager Palestine Office 1938-1946

Major rescue leader who worked with Carl Lutz to distribute Schutzpasse

Diseminated Auschwitz report

In charge of Swiss Glass House

[Cohen.

Gur 2007. Pp.157-158]

Zorach Kremen

Slonim Ghetto, Zhabinka District, Belorussia

Leader, armed underground, Antifascist Committee; helped liberate Jews in Kosovo

Aron Kremer

France

Representative Right Poale-Zion

Arrested, deported

[Alder 1987. Pp.172, 203]

Max Kreuzberger

Germany

Executive Secretary, Central Committee of German Jews for Relief and Reconstruction (Zentralausschus der Deutschen Juden für Hilfe und Aufbau) (ZA)

Moshe Krivoshein-Gallili

 

See Moshe Galili (Krivosheyn)

Joseph Krouh (“Croustillon”)

Toulouse, France

rescue leader, Zionist underground

Jewish Army, (Armeé Julife), (JA)

Representative American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Yosef Kruk

Palestine

Member, Al-Domi (No Silence); rescue activist

Leon A. Kubowitzki (1896-1966)

 

Co-founder, World Jewish Congress (WJC), member executive, 1936-1948, rescue department

Dr. Julius Kuhl

Poland; Bern, Switzerland

Polish diplomat consul rescuer in Switzerland; worked with Swiss Jewish relief and rescue groups; worked with Alexander Lados and Nuncio Bernardini, helped Recha and Isaack Sternbuch save Jews.

[Friedenson 1984.

Kranzler 1987.

Penkower 1983.]

Lee W. Kuhn

Nashville, TN., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

József “Jupi” Kipferstein* (1921-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Underground leader

Died in forced labor unit

[Gur 2007. p.159]

Milton Kutz

Wilmington, Vermont, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Lev Kvitko

Soviet Union

Jewish Antifascist Committee (JAC)

Karl Lachmann

Copenhagen, Denmark

Vice Chairman of Jewish Community Rescue and Relief

[Yahil 1969.]

A.I. Lack

Houston, Texas, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Shulamit Lack (Mária Gara) (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Distributed forged documents in Hungarian provinces, worked to help refugee escape in tiyul.

[Gur 2007. P.159.]

Isidore Laderman

New York City, USA

Vice chairman, Jewish Labor Committee (JLC)

Carl Laemmle

USA

Philanthropist; rescue and relief activist

Ernst Lambert

Lyon, France

Commander, Jewish Army, (Armée Juive), (AJ)

[Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

Raymont Paul Lambert* (1894-1943)

France

General Council of French Jews (Union Général des Israélites de France; UGIF)

Secretary General,Comité d’Assistance aux Refugiés (Refugee Aid Committee; CAR)

HIAS-ICA representative

Resisted Vichy and Nazi in France with wife in Auschwitz

Murdered in concentration camp

[Adler 1987.

Cohen 1987.

HIAS Archives, Yivo

Rayski 2005.]

D. Lampel

Transylvania

Bucharest, Romania

Committee for the Aid of Jewish Refugees from Northern Transylvania (Comitetul de asistentá a refugiatilor evrei din Ardealut de Nord)

Joseph Lampl

Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Saul J. Lance

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Dr. Herzl Landa (1897-1967)

Palestine

Executive committee, Al-Domi (Do Not Keep Silent); rescue activist

Dr. Landau

Vienna, Austria

Relief activist

Dr. Lieb Landau

Lwow, Poland

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Lwow (JDC)

Member, Leadership of Jewish Self Help (JSS), 1942

[JDC Archives, NY]

Mr. Herman Landau

Switzerland

HIJEFS

Dr. Menachem Landau (1900-1959)

Palestine

Executive committee, Al-Domi (Do Not Keep Silent); rescue activist; League of Nations Rescue Committee, Council for Assistance to the Diaspora

George Landauer

Berlin, Germany; Jerusalem

Leader, Society for Assistance to Jewish Youth (Jüdische Jugendhilfe)

Helped in emigration

Worked with Henrietta Szold and Recha Freir

Alexander A. Landesco

New York, New York, USA

JDC treasurer 1942-1944; Board of Directors, personnel committee chairman, 1941-1942

Vice President American Joint Reconstruction Foundation 1938-1944

[JDC Archives, NY]

Harold M. Lane

New York, NY., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Dan Laner

Yugoslavia

Yishuv Parachutist

Liaison with Yugoslav partisans

[Friling 2005.]

Harry Lang

USA

HIAS board of directors, 1933-1939, rescue activist

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Vilmos Langefeld

Budapest, Hungary

Volunteer for the Swedish Legation in Budapest

Assistant to Raoul Wallenberg

Captured with Wallenberg on June 17, 1945

Fate Unknown

[Anger 1981.

Skogland 1997.]

Herbert Langer

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Deputy Central Secretary

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Miklós “Miki” Langer* (1923-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Friend Hashomir Hatzair

Helped forge protective documents

Caught and tortured to death by Aarow Cross

 

 

[Cohen 1986.

Gur 2007. Pp.159-160]

Eliah Lankin

Palestine

Palestine Landing Organization (Irgun) EZEL

Yeshayahu Lantos (b.1926)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Activist in Swiss Glass House

Prisoner in the Kistarcsa Camp

[Gur 2007. P.160]

Yizak Lapid (Zoltán Lefkovitz) (b.1917)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist

[Gur 2007. P.160]

Jacob Laredo

Tangier

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Albert D. Lasker

New York, New York,USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Treasurer, Refugee Economic Corporation (REC)

Harold Laski

Great Britain

Socialist leader, warned Jews of Holocaust

G. Irving Latz

Fort Wayne, Indiana, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Kolomon Lauer

Stockholm, Sweden

Refugee Committee

Rescue activist

Recommended Wallenberg to the War Refugee Board (WRB)

Yirmiyahu “Yirmi” Lavai (György Lobel) (b.1926)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Distributed forged Swiss protective documents, saved Jews from deportation on trains to death camps

[Gur 2007. Pp.161-162]

Edward Lazansky

Brooklyn, New York, USA

Executive Committee, Board of Directors, JDC

Arnold Lazar

Bratislava, Slovakia

[Dagan 1984. Pp.263,253 N98

Lazar 1966. Pp.17-25]

Benzion Lazar

Vienna, Austria

Rescue activist, intervened with Gestapo to stop deportation

Andre Lazard

Southern France

Council member, General Union of Jews of France, UGIF-South

Morrs S. Lazaron

Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Jacques Lazarus

Southern France

Evacuation and Relocation Service (SER)

Armée Juive (AJ), Jewish Army

[Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

Jeffery L. Lazarus

Cincinati, Ohio, USA

Executive Committee, Board of Directors, JDC

Jacob Lazebnik

Pinsk

Lennin Jewish Ghetto Council, promoted resistance and escape

[Trunk 1972. P.464]

Oscar Lazarus

New York, NY., USA

 Board of Directors, JDC

Moses A. Leavitt (1894-1965)

USA

Vice president and secretary, Palestine Economic Corporation, 1933-1940

Secretary, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committe (JDC), 1940-1946

[JDC Archives, NY]

Eliezer Leder

Turkey

Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency in Turkey, Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv), Committee of Four, Transnistria Plan, Committee for Aid to Polish Refugees

[Friling 2005.

Porat 1990.]

Viteslav (Siegfried) Lederer

Auschwitz-Birkenau

Polish Jew, escaped Auschwitz, March 1944

Underground leader who informed leaders in the Terezin Ghetto, and the Red Cross, about the Holocaust

[Braham 1981.

Dagan 1984. Vol3 pp.299-300

Suhl 1967. P.201]

Charles Lederman

Lyons, France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE)

Published underground paper “Droit et Liberté”

Arrested, Deported

[Bauer 1981.

Cohen 1987.

Latour 1970/1981.

Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.

Samuel 2002.]

Carl Leff

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Zoltán Lefkovitz (Yitzhak Lapid) (b.1917)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist

[Gur 2007. P.160]

Emmanuel Lefschetz

France

Jewish Scouts (EIF)

[Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

Al Paul Lefton

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Executive Committee, Board of Directors, JDC

Herbert H. Lehman

New York, USA

Hon. Chairman, United Palestine Appeal;

Vice chairman, Member Board of Directors, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

American Joint Reconstruction Foundation

[JDC Archives, NY]

Irving Lehman

New York, USA

Hon. Vice president, American Jewish Committee (AJC)

Leo H. Lehman

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Robert Lehman

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Albert H. Leiberman

New York, USA

Vice chairman, National Council, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Hon. Chairman, Palestine Foundation Fund, Inc. (Keren Hayesod)

[JDC Archives, NY]

“Erwin” Leibovich

Romania

Commander, Betar

Aliyah Bet, commander of Parita Ship

Tzvi (Hirsch) Leibovics (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

Underground acvitist, set up bunkers

[Gur 2007. P.162]

Jacob Leichtman

New York, USA

Tresurer, American Jewish Congress

Gilbert Leidervarger

France

Sixième (The Sixth) – Éducation Physique (Physical Education)

[Lazare 1996.]

Samuel D. Leidesdorf

New York, USA

Member, Executive Committee and Board of Directors, JDC

Treasurer, American Jewish Committee (AJC)

György Giora Leiner (1924-1983)

Budapest, Hungary

Slovakia

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist

Fighting partisan

[Gur 2007. P.163]

Emil W. Leipziger

New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Benjamin Lencher

Pittsburgh, PA., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Max (Nico) Leons

(b.1921)

see also: Johannes Post (non-Jew)

Arnold Douves (non-Jew)

Nieuwlande, Netherlands

Helped to rescue the Jews of the village of Nieuwlande in the Netherlands

[Holocaust Encyclopedia 1990.]

Shulamit Lerman

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Saved children from Kovno ghetto, Spring 1944, she was 17 years old

[Neshamit pp.318-320]

Max Lerner

Williamstown, Massachusetts, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Oscar Leonard

USAQ

American Jewish Congress refugee activist

[Zucker 2008.]

Gilbert Lesage

France

Head of SSE, delegate of the SSAE

Dina Levavi (Karolina Komolós) (b.1921)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground Rescue Activist

[Gur 2007. P.163]

Ágnes Levi (1928-2004)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Distributed forged papers, hid and fed Jews. Worked in Swiss Glass House.

[Gur 2007. P.163]

Prof. Arie Lévi (Lászuló Löwi) (1923-2006)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Distributed documents, food to Jews, poased as priest, patrolled Budapest to protect Jews

[Gur 2007. Pp.163-164]

Josefico Levi

Bulgaria

Community leader; Underground Jewish Consistory

[Chary 1970. Pp.61-62]

Joseph Levi

Rome, Italy

DELASEM (Aid Commission for Jewish Refugees; Delegazione Assistenza Emigranti)

Protected Jews in Rome

[Leboucher  1969.

Waagenaar 1974.]

Dr. Nisim (Buko) Levi

Bulgaria

Community leader, rescue advocate

[Chary 1970. Pp.90-91, 145-146]

Sara Levin

Minsk (Byelorussia)

Minsk Jewish Council, Labor Department; facilitated escape

[Trunk 1972. P.466]

Moshe Levin

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Head, Jewish police, trained partisans, smuggled them out of ghetto

Rabbi Yitzhak Meir Levin (1894-1971)

Poland; Palestine

Founder, Agudat Yisrael, Poland

Escaped Poland to Palestine, 1940

Rescue Committee, Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA), 1943-1947

[Frilling 2007.

Porat 1990. P.204]

Zvi Levin

Kovno (Kaunas) Ghetto

Underground resistance leader (Revisionist Party)

Murray Levine

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Executive director, HIAS Philadelphia office

[HIAS Archives, Yivo]

Akiva Levinsky (b. 1918)

Turkey

Youth Aliyah, Germany, 1939; later, treasurer, Jewish Agency

Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency in Turkey, Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv), 1943-1945

[Friling 2005.]

Jacob Levinson

Brooklyn, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Louis E. Levinthal

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Chairman office com. (executive body)

American Emergency Committee for Zionist Affairs

Co-chairman, Palestine Foundation Fund (Keren Hayesod), Inc.

Co-chairman, United Palestine Appeal

Chairman, administrative committee, Zionist Organization of America

George Lévitte

Missiac/Istors, France

Relief-education activist

[Latour 1970/1981. Pp.251-252]

Simon Lévitte (1912-1970)

Moissac, France

Entr’aide Français Israélite (EFI)

Founder, Zionist Youth Movement (MJS ; Mouvement de la Jeunesse Sionist) in May 1942

Leader, French Jewish Scouts (Eclaireurs Israélites de Œuvre ; EIF)

Co-founder, Jewish Army (Armee Juive)

Founder, Education Physique (physical training) rescue group

[Adler 1987.

Latour 1970/1981.

Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.]

Albert Lévy

France

President, General Council of French Jews (Union Général des Israélites de France; UGIF)

President, Refugee Aid Committee (CAR)

Escaped to Switzerland

[Cohen 1987.

Lazar 1996.

Poznanski 2001.

Rayski 2005.]

Mrs. David M. Levy

New York, New York, USA

Executive Committee, Board of Directors, Emergency Administration Committee, JDC

Denise Lévy

France

SSJ

French Jewish Scounts (EIF)

Le Sixième, Forged and distributed ID and ration papers

[Cohen 1987. P.150

Lazar 1996. P.164]                        

Gaston Lévy

Limoges, France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE)

[Bauer 1981. Pp.248]

Isaac H. Levy

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Jean-Pierre Lévy

France

Founder of COMBAT

[Poznanski 2001.]

Jeanine Lévy

Paris, France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (OSE ; Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants)

Dr. Lajos Lévy

Budapest, Hungary

Physician, relief activist

Louis Levy

Los Angeles, California, USA

Vice chairman, Jewish Labor Committee (JLC)

Dr. Isaac Lewin (1894-1971)

USA

Orthodox Jewish rescue activist-advocate

Escaped Warsaw, Poland, in 1940; informed Jews of Holocaust in Europe

Polish Envoy to USA, New York

Agudath Israel, world organization

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

[Friling 2005.]

Zwi Lewin

France

Important leader, rescue activist

FSJF

Zionist Socialist

UGIF administration

Lev-Zion Francois Lewinsohn*

Lyon, Southern France

Caught by Gestapo, escaped

French Jewish Resistence, AJJDC, worked with Abbé Glasberg at Amité Chritien (Christian Friendship)

Mrs. Maurice Lewis

USA

Tel-Hai Fund, Inc.

Sam A. Lewisohn

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Georges Lewitz

France

French Jewish Scouts (EIF)

Ha Shomer Ha Za’ir

[Lazare 1996.]

Ida Lewitz

France

French Jewish Scouts (EIF)

Ha Shomer Ha Za’ir

[Lazare 1996.]

Georg Libinski-Lotan

Germany

Cofounder, Zentralausschuss der Deutschen Juden für Hilfe und Aufbau (Central Committee of the German Jews for Help and Reconstruction), established April 1933

National Committee of Jewish Youth Leagues

Eliezer Libenstein (Livneh)

Germany; Palestine

Emissary of kibbutz; Zionist Movement in Palestine

Dr. Emanuel Libman

USA

Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Physicians

Hon. Committee, American Committee of OSE

[Zucker 2008.]

Jacob Librach

USA

Treasurer, Association of Jewish Refugees and Immigrants from Poland

Uziel Lichtenberg

Budapest, Hungary

Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Mizrahi

[Braham 1981. P.933

Friling 2005.]

 

Peretz (Fritz) Lichtenstein (Perez Leshem)

Lisbon, Portugal

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

[Friling 2005.

Porat 1990. Pp. 113-114]

Joseph Lichtenstern

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Labor Transports

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Richard Lichtheim (1885-1963)

Geneva, Switzerland

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Jewish Agency representative, Geneva, 1939-1945

Worked with Dr. Gerhard Riegner to relay information on the Holocaust

[Friling 2005.

Perl 1978. Pp 7,268]

Elijahu Lidski

Horodok (near Vilna)

Partisan leader; helped Jews escape ghettos

[Trunk 1972. P.465]

Eliezer Liebenstein

Palestine

Mapai Party

Rescue advocate

Albert H. Lieberman

New York, NY, USA

American Representatives of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

Member, Executive Committee, Board of Directors, JDC

Yaakov Lieberman

Radomosk, Poland

Courier, ghetto resistance

Ahraron “Dolek” Liebeskind* (1912-1942)

Krakow, Poland

Founding leader, treasurer of Fighting Organization of Pioneer Jewish Youth in Krakow

He-Haluts Ha-Lohem

Armed ghetto underground leader, relief worker

Jewish Self-Help

United Zionist Movement, DROR

Killed in fight with Germans, December 1942

Charles J. Liebman

New York, New York, USA; London, England

Philanthropist, rescue advocate

President, Refugee Economic Corp. (REC)

Board of Directors, JDC

Council for German Jewry, London

Central Council for Jewish Refugees, London

Rec. charman, JDC, 1934-1945

JDC representative, 1933-1934

[JDC Archives, NY]

Abraham L. Liebovitz

New York, USA

Secretary, Palestine Foundation Fund (Keren Heyasod), Inc.

Associate treasurer, United Palestine Appeal

Harry J. Liebovitz

USA

Board of directors, HIAS

[HIAS Archives]

Alexander Lifshitz*

Belgium

Partisan, stopped deportation train to Auschwitz, Jews escaped, caught and excecuted in Breendonck

[Suhl 1967. P. 310]

Dr. George Lifshitz*

Belgium

Partisan, stopped deportation train to Auschwitz, Jews escaped, also caught and excecuted in Breendonck

[Suhl 1967. P.310]

Sonia Lifschitz-Goldsmith

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Rescued children from Kovno ghetto, Spring 1944

[Neshamit pp. 318-320]

Saumel Ligeti

Transylvania

Jewish community leader, helped negotiate halting of deportation from Southern Transylvania in 1943. Provided aid and relief to refugees

[Ancel 1984. Pp.381-420

Gutman 1990.

Levai 1969.]

J. B. Lightman

South America; Buenos Aires, Argentina

Executive staff, 1933-1936, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC); South America, 1933-1953

[JDC Archives, NY]

Dr. Arthur Lilienthal

Berlin, Germany

Community leader

Relief activist

Richard P. Limburg

New York, USA

Treasurer, National Refugee Service (NRS)

Rabbi Ervin (Moshe Yehuda) Lindenfeld* (1923-1944)

 

Distributed Protective papers

Worked at Swiss Glass House

Caught by Arrow Cross and murdered.

 

 

Gur (2007) p.168

Harold F. Linder

New York, USA; London, England

Vice chairman and representative, Executive Committee, Board of Directors, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1945

Board of directors, Agro-Joint

[JDC Archives, NY]

A. J. Lindo

Panama City, Panama

Representative, Hebrew Benevolent Society

Dr. David Linetsky

USA

HIAS board of directors, 1933-1939

Rescue activist

[HIAS Archives, Yivo]

Gyula Link

Hungary

Orthodox leader, rescue activist

Heinz Linke

Berlin, Germany

Activist with Chug Chalutzi (Zionist Circle)

Hid children and students

Joseph Linnweil

Netherlands, France

Armée Juive (AJ), Jewish Army

[Lazare 1996.]

Joseph Linton

 

Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

[Friling 2005.]

Györgi Tzui Lipkovics* (1924-1944)

Hungary

Romania

South Transylvania

Warned Jews, distributed forged documents

Tiyul Leader

Caught and shot

 

 

Gur (2007)

Irving D. Lipkowitz

New York City, USA

Chairman, financial committee, Zionist Organization of America

Louis Lipsky

New York, USA

Chairman, governing council, American Jewish Congress

Chairman, Administrative Council, World Jewish Congress (WJC)

American Representatives of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

Co-chair, United Palestine Appeal

Emergency Committee for Zionst Affairs

National chairman, Palestine Foundation Fund

Vice-president, Zionist Organization of America

Nina Liss

Minsk Ghetto

Minsk Ghetto Underground courier

[Suhl 1967. P.236]

Avri Lisszauer

Hungary; Yugoslavia

He Halutz

László Lisszer (David Lavi) (b.1921)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Helped refugees from Slovakia

Survived death march to Austria

[Gur 2007. P.161]

Dan “Anti” Livini (Antal Weisz) (1924-1953)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Escaped labor unit, Underground activist, courier

[Gur 2007. P.169]

Alexander Livchitz

Belgium

Leader of Partisan Group “G”

Liberated Deportation train bound for Auschwitz

[EJ p.422

Dare to Resist pp.124-125]

Georges Livchitz

Belgium

Leader of Partisan Group “G”

Liberated Deportation train bound for Auschwitz

[EJ p.422

Dare to Resist pp.124-125]

Zoltan Avri Liszaver (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Leader HashomerHatzair

Obtained protective documents, arrested, tortured, sent to Mauthausen

[Gur 2007. P.169]

György Lobel (Yirmiyahu “Yirmi” Lavi (b.1926)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Distributed protective documents, food, and supplies

Rescued Jews from deportation trains

Worked in Swiss Glass House

Wounded in battle

[Gur 2007. P.161]

Julius C. Livingston

Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Max Livingston

New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Alexander Livshitz

Belgium

Worked with CDJ to liberate deportation train bound for the death camp Auschwitz-birkenau April 19, 1943.

[Museum of Jewish Heritage 2007. P. 124-125]

George Livshitz

Belgium

Worked with CDJ to liberate deportation train bound for the death camp Auschwitz-birkenau April 19, 1943.

[Museum of Jewish Heritage 2007. P. 124-125]

Berl Locker

London, England

Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA), Yishuv Representative

Max Locker

USA

Associate treasurer, United Galician Jews of America

Benjamin M. Loeb

St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Carl M. Loeb

New York, NY, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Joseph P. Loeb

Los Angeles, CA, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Pierre Loeb (“Pierrot”)

Southern France

Leader of the “Blue and White Squadron” of the Armée Juive (AJ)

Maurice Loebenberg (a.k.a. Cachoud)

France

Independent rescue activist

Headed counterfeiting department for the Movement for National Liberation (MLN)

Brener Loeffler

Budapest, Hungary

Hazalah

Worked with Swiss legation

[Gur 2007.]

Fanny Loinger (“Laugier”)

Valence, Southern France

Leader, Southeast Section, Children’s Aid Rescue Society (OSE ; Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants)

[Klarsfeld 1985.

Samuel 2002.]

Georges Loinger

Southern France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE)

Éducation Physique

[Latour 1970/1981.

Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.

Samuel 2002.]

Joseph H. Lookstein

New York, NY. USA

 Board of Directors, JDC

Leon Lopaco

Buenos Aires, Argentina

Organismo de Ayuda Directo a las Victimes de la Guerra

Berl Lopatin*

Lachwa Ghetto

Chairman, Jewish Council

Cooperated with ghetto underground; warned Jews; set fire to ghetto, 120 escaped; killed

[Trunk 1972. Pp.471,472]

Dr. Ludwig Lorch

Sao Paulo, Brazil

“Uniao” Associacao Beneficente Israelita

Suzanne Lotterman*

France

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society) Emigration Association of France

Killed

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Ginzberg p.192

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

Arthur Lourie

New York, USA

Representative, Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Executive secretary, American Emergency Committee for Zionist Affairs

Sol Low

USA

United Galician Jews of America

Sándor (Shmuel) Lowenheim (b.1926)

Budapest, Hungary

Honorary Hatzioni

Helped refugees from Poland and Slovakia.

Smuggled Jews, distributed forged documents and supplies

Saved Jews from labor battalions

[Gur 2007. P.170]

Dr. Joseph Löwenherz (1884-1945)

Vienna, Austria

Chairman, Jewish Center (Israelitische Kultusgemeinde; IKG)

Worked with Joint to facilitate emigration

Sophie Löwenherz

Vienna, Austria

Head of Women’s International Zionist Organization (WIZO)

Relief activist, wife of Dr. J. Löwenherz

Mrs. Samu Löwenstein

Budapest, Hungary

Nurse, relief worker

Dr.Solomon Lowenstein

USA

Chairman, German-Jewish Children’s Aid, 1934-1938

American Representatives of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

Vice chairman, American Jewish Joint Distrubution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY

Zucker 2008.]

Arthur Lowenthal

Rochester, NY., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

György (Moshe) Löwi (1922-2003)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Distributed forged protective documents

Liason with ghetto and Glass House

Lajos Lowi (Yehuda “Pici” Levi) (1925-2005)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Tiyul leader

Smuggled Jews across the border

Helped Jews escape from Ghettos

Caught, tortured

Gur (2007) p.165

László Löwi (Prof. Arie Levi) (1923-2006)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Distributed forged protective documents

Supplied food to protected houses

Gur (2007) p.164

Simon Löwi (Simon Levi)* (1926-1944)

Slovakia

Hungary

Romania

Tiyul Leader

Smuggled Jews to safety

Distributed forged documents

Caught, murdered in Auschwitz

Gur (2007) p.165

Viktor Löwi (Simha Levi) (b.1925)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Distributed protective papers

Worked in Swiss Glass House

Gur (2007) p.164

Martin Lowinger (Moshe Lavi) (1919-1998)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Distributed food and supplies

Moved and hid jews

Gur (2007) p.161

J. Lubetzki

France

Central Consistory, Legal Commission

[Adler 1987.

Poznanski 2001.]

Zivia Lubetkin

Warsaw, Poland

He Halutz office

Lucien Lublin (b. 1909)

France

Co-founder, Jewish Army (AJ; Armée Juive), Jewish Resistance Movement

Partisan

Founded Society for the Protection of Children

[Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

S. Lubrainschik

Lima, Peru

HICEM

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Comite de Proteccion a los Inmigrantes Israelitas

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

JDC Archives, NY]

Dezsö (David) Lung* (1924-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Beitar Party

Posed as Arrow Cross to rescue Jews who worked out of Swiss Glass House.

Killed while fighting

[Gur 2007. p.171]

Harry Lurie

USA

Jewish Social Service Bureau, rescue activist

[Zucker 2008.]

Riko Lupesku

Romania

Yishuv Parachutist

Organized emigration

[Friling 2005.]

Paul Lustig

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

[Perl 1978.]

Dr. Walter Lustig

Berlin, Germany

Last representative of Jewish Council (Health Division)

Reich Union leader

Physician, hid Jews in hospital

Executed by Russians in 1945

Stefan Lux*

 

Journalist

Died by suicide July 3, 1936, in press gallery of the League of Nations to draw attention to persecution of Jews in Germany

Stephan Luxemburg

Warsaw, Poland

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) Poland, 1926-1938

[JDC Archives, NY]

Enrico Luzzato

Genoa, Italy

Secretary, DELASEM (Aid Commission for Jewish Refugees; Delegazione Assistenza Emigranti)

Rescued and hid Jews in Northern Italy. Arrested and deported to Auschwitz

[Leboucher 1969.

Safatti 2006. P.196]