Content posted August 25, 2012

Registry of Jewish Rescuers (M-R)

* = killed


 

Name

Location

Description/Organization[Reference(s)]

Julian W. Mack

USA

Vice president, Zionist Organization of America

Hon. Chairman, United Palestine Appeal

Hon. Chairman, American Representatives of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

Hon. Chairman, Palestine Foundation Fund, Inc.

Milton H. M. Maduro

Curacao

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

S.L. Maduro

Cuba

Joint Relief Committee  (JRC)

[JDC Archives, New York]

Dr. Pavel März (Paul Meretz)

Prague, Czechoslovakia

Prague Transfer Committee

Elhanan Magid

Rudninkai Forest, Lithuania

Partisan commander, “Yechiel’s Combat Group”

Took in escaped Jews

Judah Lieb Magnus (1877-1948)

Palestine

Rescue advocate

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) representative, Palestine

[Friling 2005.

JDC Archives, NY

Ofer 1990.]

Nusi Mahrer (Nusi Rózsa) (Alias: Varga Ilona) (b.1918)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist helped produce forged protective documents

[Gur 2007. Pp.171-172]

Helmuth Mainz

Holland

Worked with Gertrud van Tijn; helped Jews escape with Palestine Certificates

[Presser 1969.]

Judith Makai (Helena Ellenbogen) (Alias: Julia Elmér) (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Distributed forged protective papers in Budapest, Györ, Varpalota, and Komárom

[Gur 2007. P.172]

Arye Makaresku

Romania

Yishuv Parachutist

Organized immigration to Palestine

[Filing 2005.]

Dr. Maks

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

[Perl 1978. Pp.56-57]

Henik Malach

Slonim Ghetto, Zhabinka District, Belorussia

Armed underground partisan leader

Antifascist Committee; helped Jews escape ghetto

Liberated Kosovo Jews, October 1943

[Suhl 1967.]

Arthur L. Malkenson

New York, NY., USA

Board of directors, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America (HIAS); publisher

Board of Directors, JDC

[HIAS Archives, Yivo]

Dr. Isa Malkin

France

Oeurvre de Secours Aux Enfants (Children’s Aid Rescue Society; OSE), Worked in Rivesaltes, French detention camp

[Poznanski 2001.

Samuel 2002. P.29]

Yaacov Mandelbaum

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Yeshiva student; helped prepare forged passports and visas

Hertha Mandler

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

[Perl 1978.]

Robert Mandler*

Vienna, Austria; Prague, Czechoslovakia

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

Aliyah Bet, rescue organizer

Murdered along with wife and daughter

[Perl 1978.]

Hirsch Manischenitz

New York, New York, USA

Executive Committee, Board of Directors, JDC

George Mandel Mantello (1901-1993)

Geneva, Switzerland

Orthodox Romanian Jew, El Salvadorian diplomat, honorary consul for Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia

Issued thousands of protective papers for Jews in Hungary

Published Auschwitz Report in 1944, warned Jews of Holocaust

[Braham 1981.

Kranzler 1987/2000.

Levai 1948.

Penkower 1983.]

Edit Mann (Lea Maajan) (b.1919)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Distributed protective documents

[Gur 2007. p.171]

Erika (Tsipora) Mann* (1925-1945)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Rescue Supply Operative, Dept. A International Red Cross (ICRC)

Died from injuries from beatings

[Gur 2007. p.172]

Frederich R. Mann

New York, USA

Vice president, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America (HIAS)

[HIAS Archives, Yivo]

Joli Mansworth (Klein)

Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Aided refugees, provided documents, found hiding places

Tiyul Leader to Romania

Dept. A International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

[Gur 2007. P.147]

Albert Manuel

France

Secretary General of the Central Consistory

Jacques Marburger

Southern France

Rescuer, guide

[Latour 1970/1981. P.156

Yahil 1969. Pp.169, 204, 207, 213, 319, 361-362]

Ernst Marcus

Germany

Director Paltreu Company

Rescue and relief activist

Axel Margolinsky

Copenhagen, Denmark

Community Leader, warned Jews, rescue activist

Julius Margolinsky

Copenhagen, Denmark

Committee for Agricultural Students

Hechalutz

Helped organize Zionist pioneers to emigrate to Palestine, worked with Benjamin Slor, helped refugees in Denmark

[Goldberg

Yahil 1969. P.22]

Ester Margolis

Cuba

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) Cuba, 1939-1940

[JDC Archives, NY]

Laura L. Margolis (Jarblum)

Shanghai, China; Cuba; Philippines; Sweden; Belgium; France

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC); overseas staff, 1939-1956; Cuba, 1939-1941; Shanghai, 1941-1943; Sweden, 1944

[JDC Archives, NY]

S. Margoshes

USA

Vice president, American Federation for Polish Jews

Vice president, United Galician Jews of America

Emil Margulies (1877-1943)

Poland; Palestine

Member, Committee of Delegation

Co-authored and submitted Bernheim Petition to League of Nations, May 1933

Zionist leader

Morris Margulies

Washington, DC, USA

Zionist Organization of America

Samuel Markel

Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Tibor (Mordahai) Markbriet* (1923-1944)

Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Underground activist

Killed in combat

 

 

[Gur 2007. p.174]

Peretz Markish

Soviet Union

Jewish Antifascist Committee (JAC)

Laurence H. Marks

New York, USA

Palestine Economic Corporation

Simon Marks (1888-1964)

Great Britain

Council for German Jewry (Council)

Central Council for Jewish Refugees, London

Jewish Agency for Palestine, London

English Zionist Federation

József Markstein (Joseph Margalit) (1923-1992)

Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Aided Jewish refugees from Slovakia

[Gur 2007. P.173]

James Marshal

USA

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) Executive Committee 1929-1944; board of directors 1931-1944; ASJFS Subscriber America

[JDC Archives, NY]

Ernö (Ernest) Marton

Transylvania, Bucharest, Romania

Headed the Committee for the Aid of Jewish Refugees from Northern Transylvania, helped Jews escape

[Braham 1991. Pp.907-909]

Eric Marx

Denmark

Danish Jewish fisherman transported more than 300 Jewish refugees from Denmark to Sweden, October 1943. Worked with Erich Julius

[Yahil 1969.]

Dr. Karl Marx

Shanghai, China

Relief Committee for German Jews

Samuel Marx

 

Philanthropist

Rescue and relief advocate

[UJE p.33]

Dr. Pavel (Paul) März (Meretz)

 

Prague Transfer Committee

[Dagan 1984. Vol.1&3

Rothkirchen 2005. Pp. 30, 162, 163]

Germaine Masour (d. 1983), alias “Dessonaz”

Southern France

Garel Network

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (OSE ; Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants)

[Klarsfeld 1985.

Samuel 2002.]

Jacob Massel

New York City, New York, USA

Vice president, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America (HIAS)

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Norbert Masur

Stockholm, Sweden

World Jewish Congress (WJC), Swedish representative

Refugee Committee, Stockholm

Successfully negotiated release of Jews from concentration camps with SS Head Heinrich Himmler, April 1945

[Koblik 1988. P.49

Yahil 1969.]

Hélène Matorine

Paris, France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (OSE ; Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants)

Mautner

Vienna, Austria

Head Central Office, Deported to Theresienstadt

[Frankel pp. 542-544 FN45]

Armand May

Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Hon. Mitchel May

New York, NY., USA

National chairman, “Rescue Through Emigration” campaign, HIAS

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Morten J. May

St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Daniel Mayer

France

French Israelite Mutual Aid Society (Entre’ aide Francaise Israelite; EFI)

[Poznanski 2001.]

Mrs. Daniel Mayer

France

Committee for Assistance to Refugees from Germany (CAR)

Dr. Franz Mayer

Germany

Zionist leader, activist, helped Austrian Jews

[Levin 1968. P.108]

George Mayer

Montivideo, Uruguay

Association Filantropica Israelita (AFI)

Hanan Mayer

Poland

Jewish rescuer

József Mayer

Hungary

He Halutz Resistance (Zionist Youth Resistance)

[Braham 1981. P.998

Gur 2007.]

Jozsef Mayer (Joseph Meir) (1922-1991)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground armed partisan

Saved Jews passing as Arrow Cross soldier

[Gur 2007. pp.174-175]

René Mayer

France; Algiers

French Consistory

Head, HIAS-ICA Algiers, 1944

Later, Premier of France

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Poznanski 2001.

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Saly Mayer (1882-1950)

Geneva, Switzerland

European Department, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

President, Association of Swiss Jewish Communities (Schweizerischer Israelitische Gemeinbund), WWI

Representative, World Jewish Congress

[Bauer 1981.

JDC Archives. NY]

Abraham Mazer

New York, USA

Treasurer, American Committee for Relief and Resettlement of Yemenite Jews

George Z. Medalie

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Vladka Meed (Feigele Peltel) (1922-2003)

Warsaw Ghetto, Poland

Courier, Jewish Fighting Organization (ZOB)

Smuggled weapons into Warsaw Ghetto. Helped Jews escape

Léon Meier

France

Leader, Representative Council for French Jewry (CRIF ; Conseil Représentatif des Juifs de France)

Dr. Eugene Meisner

Romania

Betar Party

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

Organized relief for Jewish refugees

[Perl 1978.

Ofer 1990.]

Léon Meiss (1896-1966)

Southern France

Vice president, Central Consistory of French Jews (Consistoire Central des Israélites de France)

Intervened with Vichy to help Jews

[Adler 1987.

Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.]

Dr. Marcus Melchior (1897-1969)

Copenhagen, Denmark

Acting Chief Rabbi of Denmark, warned Jews

[Melchoir 1968.

Yahil 1969.]

Dr. Franz Mayer

Austria

Zionist

Rescue activist, helped Austrian Jews Emmigrate to Palestine

[Levin p.108]

Werner Melchoir

Copenhagen, Denmark

Urged Zionist to prepare to escape

Son of Rabbi Melchoir

[Freidman p.323

Yahil. 1969.]

Bernard Mélamède

Algiers

HIAS-ICA

[Ginzberg 1942. p.193

HIAS Archives, Yivo]

B. Mellibovsky

Buenos Aires, Argentina

Sociedad de Ptoreccion a los Inmigrantes Israelites (SOPROTIMIS)

Melzer

Naliboki Forest (near Minsk), Belorussia

Partisan commander with “Unit 106,” “Zorin Unit”

Saved Jews in forest

[Suhl 1967.]

Dr. Freddy Menachem

France

UGIF – South – Social Services Department

[Adler 1987.]

Sig Menco

Netherlands

Jewish Council leader, Enschede, Holland; urged Jews to go into hiding; developed underground movement

[Presser 1969.]

Aron Menczer* (1917-1943)

Vienna, Austria; Bedzin and Sosnowiec, Poland

Zionist Youth Federation

Head, Youth Aliya School (Ju-Al Schule) in Vienna

Bordonia Zionist Party

Aliya Bet

Worked with youth movement in Bedzin and Sosnowiec, Poland

Escorted youths to Palestine, returned to Vienna

Deported to Terezin; murdered in Birkenau, October 1943

[Frankel 1967.

Rosenkrantz 1978.]

Hermann Mendel

Budapest, Hungary

Hazalah, rescue activist

[Gur 2007.]

S. Pereira Mendes

Buenor Aires, Argentina

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1936

[JDC Archives, NY]

Israel Mereminsky (Merom)

USA

Histadrut Delagate, fundraiser

Samuel Merlin

USA

Executive Director, Emergency Committee to Save the Jews of Europe (Bergson Group)

Publicized Holocaust

Rescue activist

[Medoff]

Ya’akov Meron (Jenö Markovics) (b.1922)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Sela Organization

Underground rescue and relief activist, helped refugees, distributed food and documents

[Gur 2007. P.176]

Zvi Mersik

Poland

Underground leader

Youth Underground Activist

Active with Mordechai Tenenbaum

[Daring To Resist 2007. Pp.86-88]

Saul Metz

USA

Co-chairman, National Labor Committee for Palestine

Emil Metzl

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Financial Controller

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Dr. Adolph Meyer

Copenhagen, Denmark

Jewish Community Leader

[Goldberger 1987. P.48]

Germaine Meyer*

Nice, Southern France

Assistant to Angelo Donati; arrested, tortured and killed by Germans

[Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.]

Joska Meyer (Megyeri)

Budapest, Hungary

Rescue activist

Marcel Meyer*

France

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society) Emigrant Association of France

Killed

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

René Meyer

France

HIAS-ICA, representative

Later Premier of France

[Ginzberg 1942. P.193]

Victor Meyer (Tenor)

Greece

Aliyah Bet

Chartered ship to transport Jews

[Ofer (1990) p.10]

Walter E. Meyer

New York, USA

Treasurer, Palestine Economic Corporation

Paul Meyerheim

Berlin, Germany

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Golda Meyerson (Meir)

Palestine

Advisor, Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv); later, Prime Minister of Israel; Mapai Party

[Friling 2005.

Ofer 1990.]

István Mezö* (1923-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Underground Activist, arrested while distributing forged protective documents, killed

[Gur 2007. P.177]

Jerome Michael

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Shaul Mierov-Avigur

Paris, France; Europe

Haganah

Security, Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

[Friling 2005.]

Shlomo Mikhoels (1890-1948)

Soviet Union

Chairman, Jewish Antifascist Committee

Publicized Holocaust in US, 1943

Zsuzsa Miklós (Sarah Kohavi) (1922-1998)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Aided refugees from Poland, warned Jews, distributed protective documents, Tiyul leader to Romania

[Gur 2007. P.152]

Denise Milhaud

France

Director, UJIF Children Homes

[Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

Dr. Fred Milhaud

France

UGIF – Children’s Centers, mutual aid for children

[Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

Dr. Israel Milejkowski

Poland

Prominent leader, Health Association of the Jewish People of Poland

Abraham Miller

New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Associate treasurer, National Labor Committee for Palestine

Vice president, United Galician Jews of America

Isaac Millstein*

Romania, Kishinev

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC); deported to Siberia

[JDC Archives, NY]

Dr. Joseph “Jommi” Milner

France

Secretary General, General Union of French Jews (Union General des Israelites de France) UGIF-S

Head, Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants; OSE), Montpellier, France

Health Section, UJIF

Garel Network (Réseau Garel)

[Adler 1987. P.99

Latour 1970.

Rayski 2005.

Samuel 2002.]

Hanna Minervi (Edit Wertheimer) (b.1927)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground Activist

[Gur 2007. P.177]

Rachel Mink

Grenoble, France

Leader of Jewish Rescue Group

[Lazare 1996.]

I. M. Minkoff

USA

Executive secretary, General Jewish Council

Dr. Eugène Minkowski (d. 1972)

Paris, France

Leader, Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE)

Garel Network (Réseau Garel)

United Defense Committee

[Adler 1987.

Cohen 1987.

Latour 1970.

Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.]

Dr. Zina Minor

Southern France

Psychiatrist, helped refugees in Southern France; worked with Noel Field

Binyamin Mintz (1903-1961)

Palestine; Europe

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv), 1943-1945

Agudat Israel

[Friling 2005.]

Lipek Mintz

Zaglebie, Poland

He Halutz, Zionist Youth Underground to Rescue Jews

Yitzak Mitrani

Istanbul, Turkey

Joint Rescue Committee, Turkey, representing Bulgarian Jews

[Friling 2005.

Porat p.124]

Professor Eugen Mittwoch

Berlin, Germany

Office representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), May 1933-summer 1941

[JDC Archives, NY]

Dr. Modiano

Nice, France

Dubouchage Committee (Refugee Aid Committee), Nice

[Latour 1970. Pp. 147]

Yitzhak Molcho (1894-1974)

Palestine

Executive committee, Al-Domi (No Silence)

Active in saving the Jews of Rhodes

Lazar Moldovan

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde)

He Halutz

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Henry Monsky

Omaha, Nebraska, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Founder, American Jewish Congress

N’nai Brith leader

Rescue advocate

Hon. Chairman, United Palestine Appeal

Co-chair, Palestine Foundation Fund (Keren Hayesod), Inc.

Vice chair, General Jewish Council

[American Jewish Committee, Year Books WWII]

Leonard G. Montefiore

London, England

President, AJA

President ICA 1940-1944

Henry Montor

USA

Deputy résident, United Jewish Appeal

Executive director, United Palestine Appeal

[American Jewish Committee, Year Books WWII]

Dr. Alfred Morali

Occupied France

Council Member, General Union of French Jews (UGIF-North), Leader Group V

[Adler 1987.]

Ervin Moshe “Moric” Morberger*

Újvidek (Novi Sad)

Underground Anti fascist put in forced labor unit, taken to Ukraine, died there

[Gur 2007. P.177]

Czeslaw Mordevicz (Alias: Petr Podulka)

Slovakia

Escaped from Auschwitz-Birkenau, May 1944, reported on murder of Hungarian Jews

[Braham 1981. P.710

Dagan 1986. Vol3 p.318

Suhl 1967.]

Armand Moreno

Nonantola, Italy

Delasem

Rescued children of Villa Emma at Nonantola (near Modena)

[Voigt 2005.]

Henry Morgenthau, Jr. (1891-1967)

USA

United States Secretary of the Treasury, 1933-1945

Rescue advocate, helped establish War Refugee Board (WRB) in January 1944, WRB Final Report

Charles W. Morris

Louisville, Kentucky, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Evelyn Morrissey

USA

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), executive staff, 1915-1961; assistant treasurer, 1939-1970

Board of directors, Agro-Joint

[JDC Archives, NY]

Zsuzsa Morvai-Vadász (Hadas Shosana) (b.1922)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Aided refugees, obtained and distributed protective papers, protected childrens homes

Arrested and deported to Strassof and Theresiestadt

[Gur 2007. P.123]

Siegfried Moses

Germany

President, German Zionist Organization (Zionistische Vereinigung für Deutschland), 1933-1937

Dr. Moskowitz

USA

Womens Division for the American Jewish Congress

[Zucker 2008.]

Alain Mossé

Chambery, France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE)

Garel Network (Réseau Garel)

[Cohen 1987.

Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.]

Leo Motzkin

 

Member, Committee of Jewish Delegations

Submitted Bernhem Petition to League of Nations, May 1933

Matthew Muller

 

Agudath Israel

Dr. Viktor Muller

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Social Services

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Paul Muni

Van Nuys, California, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Dr. Erich Munk

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Emigration of Children and Adolescents

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Erno Munkácsi

Budapest, Hungary

Member Jewish Council, Budapest (Zsido Tanacs)

Advocated active rescue by the council

[Braham 1981. P.630

Cohen 1986. P.54]

Menachem Mushanov

Bulgaria

Zionist leader, rescue advocate; lobbied senior Bulgarian offials to save Jews

[Chary 1970. Pp. 148-149]

Eliyahu (Eli) Mushkin* (Myshkin) (d. 1942)

Minsk

Chairman, Minsk Jewish Council

Aided Jews escaping ghetto; helped ghetto resistance

Murdered by Gestapo

[Trunk 1972. Pp.25, 466]

Fernand Musnik*

Paris, France

Resistance- Rescue Leader

Council Member, General Union of French Jews (UGIF-North), Leader Group IV

Rue Amelot Committee

French Jewish Scouts (EIF)

ORT

(Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE)

Deported and killed in Auschwitz

[Adler 1987.

Cohen 1987.

Poznanski 2001.]

Masha Mussel

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Produced forged documents for refugees

Stanley C. Myers

Miami, Florida, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Ephraim Nadav (Ferenc Löwinger) (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Courier, Delivered Aryan protective and fund to provinces, warned Jews of deportation

[Gur 2007. P.178]

Tzipora Nadav (Edit Streger) (b.1925)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist – courier, distributed protective documents and warned Jews in Hungarian provinces

[Gur 2007. Pp.178-179]

Tzivi Nadivi (Hirsch Reich) (1924-1982)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Posed as Hungarian Soldier and Arrow Cross, saved Jews from death marches, distributed food and forged protective documents, caught and tortured

[Gur 2007. P.179]

Marcus Nadler

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Mounie Nadler

France

Published underground newsletter “The Yellow Star” (De Gele Late) Arrested

[Adler 1987.

Poznanski 2001.]

Isidore Nagler

New York City, USA

Vice chairman, Jewish Labor Committee

Vice chairman, National Labor Committee for Palestine

József Nagy

Budapest, Hungary

Jewish Council

David Nameri

Palestine

Aliyah Bet

Haganah

Hakibbutz Hameuhad

Organized illegal ship landings in Palestine

[Ofer 1990. P13]

Dr. Alexander “Sándor” Nátán (1907-1971)

Budapest, Hungary

Hatzioni Haclali’im

Underground rescue and relief activist in Swiss Glass House, Distributed Swiss protective documents

[Cohen 1986.

Gur 2007. P. 180]

George Natanson

New York, USA

New York staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, (JDC), 1933

[JDC Archives, NY]

George W. Naumburg

New York, USA

President, Baron de Hirsch Fund

Secretary, Refugee Economic Corporation

B. Nemeschansky

Helsinki, Finland

Refugee Committee, Helsinki Jewish Congregation

[Rautkallio 1987.]

Dr. Német Istiván (Shabatai-Nünü) Német (b.1925)

Budapest, Hungary

Physician, relief activist

Betar

Underground rescue and relief activist prepared forged protective dicuments, rescued Jews in provinces, set up bunkers

[Gur 2007. P.180]

Franz Neuman

Arad, Hungary

Jewish community leader; saved Jews of Arad

[Holocaust Encyclopedia 1990.]

Dr. Arnost Ephriam Neumann

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Hashomer Hatzair; escaped deportation, warned Jews with report about deportations

[Dagan 1984. Vol.3 pp.35-36

Rothkirchen 2005. Pp.202,203,224]

Dr. Oskar Yjrmiyahu Neumann (1894-1981)

Slovakia

Chairman, Working Group (Pracovná Skupina)

Head of Jewish Office (Ustredna Zidov; UZ)

President, Zionist Histradrut, Slovakia

[Dagan 1984. Vol.3

Newmann 1958.]

Lieb Neustadt*

Warsaw, Poland

Chairman, Koordinatzie-Komitet (KK) Koordinirungs-Komisie fun di Iddishe Helf und Sozial-Gesellshaftn; American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Killed by Germans, 1943

[JDC Archives, NY]

Melech (Noi) Neustadt

Tel Aviv, Palestine

Committee for Alleviating the Distress of our Comrades in the Diaspora

Rescue activist, Mapai Party (labor)

[Friling 2005.

Ofer 1990. P.204]

Dr. Neuwirth*

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde)

Czech Jewish Movement

Deported and killed

[Rothkirchen 2007. P.126]

Lea Neuwirth (Edit Spitzer) (1923-2000)

Budapest, Hungary

Distributed forged protective papers in Budapest and to Jews in forced labor camps

[Gur 2007. Pp.180-181]

Yehosha (Sándor) Neuwirth (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Underground activist, forged and distributed protective documents

[Gur 2007. P.181]

Yvonne Nevejean

Belgium

Leader, Comite National de Defense des Juifs

Rescue activist

Louis I. Newman

New York, NY, USA

Hon. President, Tel-Hai Fund, Inc.

Rabbi Jacob I. Niemirower (1872-1939)

Romania

Prewar Chief Rabbi of Romania; Zionist; fought esidentism in Romania

Ben E. Nickoll

Milwaukee, WI., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Dr. Kahan Niszon (Cohen Nissan) (1883-1949

 

Co-founder Ivriya and Maccabea Student Unions

Member Jewish Council, Budapest

Founded aid and rescue operations

[Gur 2007.]

Jean Nordmann

Switzerland

Rescue and relief activist

[Häsler 1969. p.300]

Edward A. Norman

New York, New York, USA

President, American Economic Corporation for Palestine

Board of Directors, JDC

[Gur 2007. Pp.181-182]

Mordehai Növe (Mannheim) (1929-1995)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Distributed food and supplies and forged protective papers

[Gur 2007. P.181]

Tova Növe (Mannheim Singer) (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Section A, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Rescue Activist, saved orphans, acted as courier

[Gur 2007. P.181]

Albert Nussbaum

Barcelona and Madrid, Spain

EZRA (Aid Committee)

President Jewish Community, Luxembourg

Helped Jews escape

[Bauer 1981. Pp.53-54]

(Ergosi) Nussbaum

Romania

Palestine Office, rescue activist

Arrested January 1943.

[Ofer 1990.]

Ágnes Nuszbaum (Shulamit Meir) (b.1927)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Aided Polish Refugees in Budapest

[Gur 2007. P.175]

Benjaman Nykerk

Belgium

Belgian National Jewish Council

Jewish Defense Committee (CDJ ; Comité de Défense des Juifs) ; General Zionists

Emil Oettinger

Great Britain

American Joint Reconstrutcion Foundation

ICA

[JDC Archves, New York]

Shalom (Sandor) Offenbach

(1899-1958)

Budapest, Hungary

Halutz Resistance leader, Ihud Mapai

Treasurer, Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest

Department A, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Set up childrens homes, distributed funds

[Gur 2007. P.182]

Róbert “Fifi” Offner (1925-2006)

Budapest, Hungary

Beitar

Made and distributed forged protective documents

Posed as Arrow Cross soldier, rescued Jews in protected houses, set up bunkers, arrested and escaped

[Gur 2007. P.183]

Max Ogust

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Nathan Ohrbach

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

David Oks

Paris, France

Leader, Rue Amelot Committee

[Adler 1987.

Lazare 1996.]

Professor David Olmer

Northern France

Community leader

General Union of French Jews (Union Général des Israelites de France), (UGIF-South)

Helped stop deportation of French Jews

[Cohen 1987.

Poznanski 2001.

Rayski 2005.]

Mrs. Melanie Oppenheijm

Denmark

Leader, Society of Jewish Women

Helped 300 Jewish refugees escape from Europe to Denmark. Many went on to Palestine

[Yahil 1969.]

Alfred Oppenheim

Shanghai, China

Chair, East European Jewish Refugees (EASTJEWCOM)

Harry C. Oppenheimer

New York, NY., USA

Board of Directors

Heinz Ernst “Oppy” Oppenheimer

Marseilles, Southern France

Emergency Rescue Committee (ERC)

[Fry 1945.]

Hanna Oren (Marika Aczel) (b.1927)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Obtained and distributed Aryan Protective documents from Population Registry Office, warned Jews in provinces

[Gur 2007. P.184]

György Orosz (1920-1978)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Obtained and distributed Christian identity cards, procured firearms for underground partisans, established a hospital and kitchen for ghetto Jews, posed as Arrow Cross to rescue Jews, worked with Raoul Wallenberg and others

[Gur 2007. P.184]

Moshe Oruchowski*

Romania

Head of Palestine Office, Romania

Murdered January 1941

Ossy

Budapest, Hungary

Hatzalah, Halutzim

Dr. Osterweil

Hungary

Rescue activist, physician

Department A, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

[Braham 1981.

Cohen 1986.]

William Oualid

France

French Consistory

Organization for Rehabilitation and Training of Jews (ORT)

[Cohen 1987.

Rayski 2005.]

Edouard Oungre

Paris and Marseilles, France; Buenos Aires, Argentina

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society) leader, field representative

HIAS-ICA representative to Evian Conference, 1938

General Manager ICA

[Ginzberg 1942. P.167]

Louis Oungre

New York, USA

Board of directors, HIAS-ICA, 1942; treasurer

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Isaac Pacht

Los Angeles, California, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

 

Dr. E. Pachtman

Vienna, Austria

Head, Zionist Office (Zionist Land Organization), Vienna

[Fraenkel 1967.]

Goffredo Pacifici*

Northern Italy

DELASEM (Aid Commission for Jewish Refugees; Delegazione Assistenza Emigranti)

Helped save children at Villa Emma at Nonantola, Italy

Caught and murdered at Auschwitz

[Leboucher 1969.

Coight 2005.]

Rabbi Riccardo Pacifici

Genoa, Italy

DELASEM (Aid Commission for Jewish Refugees; Delegazione Assistenza Emigranti)

[Leboucher 1969.]

Mordechai Paikovich

Palestine

Palestine Landing Organization (Irgun) EZEL

Erno “Janczi” Pal (Ernst Paul) (b.1928)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

Liberated prisoners from labor camps and ghettos, arrested and escaped

[Gur 2007. p.186]

Naftali Palatin

Prague, Czeckoslovakia

Medical Student

Rescue activist, got Jews to Palestine

[Levin 1968. p.119]

Joel (Yoel) Palgi (1918-1978)

Budapest, Hungary

Hatzalah, Halutzim, Jewish Agency for Palestine Yishuv Parachutist

Organized rescue and relief work in Budapest

Captured and tortured by Gestapo

[Friling 2005.

Gur 2007. P.185]

Naftali Paltin

Prague, Czechoslovakia

Betar

Secured 350 travel visas for Palestine

[Levin 1968 pp. 119-120]

Moritz Pappenheim

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

Assistant to Bernard Storfer

[Perl 1978. Pp.115-116,325]

M. Parascau*

France

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Sheltering and Aid Society) Emigration Association of France

Killed

[HIAS Archives, Yivo, NY

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

Charles Passman

Teheran, Iran; Palestine

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), executive staff, near east and Palestine, 1943-1958

[JDC Archives, NY]

Joseph Pasternak

USA

Hollywood producer

Rescue activist

Provided numerous signed affidavits for refugees

Dr. József Pásztor

Hungary

The National Hungarian Jewish Aid Campaign

Rescue activist

Jacob Pat (1890-1966)

New York, USA

Jewish Labor Bund, 1938-1947

Executive secretary, Jewish Labor Committee, 1941-1945

Rescue activist

Emil Patlaschenko

Vienna, Austria

Led group out of Vienna with Chinese visas

Pauli

Budapest, Hungary

Hatzalah, Halutzim

Moshe Pazner

Geneva, Switzerland

Representative, Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA)

Moshe (Israel)  Pazulski*

Israel; Zdzieciól (Nowogrodek District)

Partisan ; helped Jews in ghetto ; worked with Alter Dworetsky ; shot

[Trunk 1972. P.472]

Kurt Peiser

North Africa, Italy

Staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1943-1944

Board of Directors, JDC

[JDC Archives, NY]

Jacques Pels

Belgium

Comite National de Defense des Juifs

Edgar Pereira

Trinidad

President, Jewish Association of Trinidad, 1938

President, Refugee Society of Trinidad, 1939

Charles (Chaim) Perelman

Brussels, Belgium

Comite d’Assistance Aux Refugees Julif

Jewish Defense Committee (CDJ ; Comité de Défense des Juifs) ; Revisionist Party

[JDC Archives, NY Files 450-451]

Mrs. Charles Perelman

Brussels, Belgium

Revisionist Party

[JDC Archives, NY Files 450-451]

Robert Peritz

Shanghai, China

International Committee for the Relief of European Jews (IC); replaced Paul Komor

[Bauer 1981. P.312

Kranzler 1976.]

Walter Perl

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

[Perl 1978.]

Dr. Willi Perl

Vienna, Austria

Leader, Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

[Friling 2005.

Perl 1978.]

Lore Rollig-Perl

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport; wife of Willi Perl

[Perl 1978.]

Fela Perlman

Belgium

Founder of the Jewish Defense Committee that rescued Jews.

Max Perlman

North Africa, Italy

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1943-1944

[JDC Archives, NY]

Nathan D. Perlman

New York, USA

Vice president, American Jewish Congress

Harris Perlstein

Chicago, Illinois, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Hans Perutz

 

Helped finance Die Aktion and Af-Al-Pi (‘Despite Everything’) rescue

[Perl 1978. P.16]

Rabbi Moses Pesah

Valos Larissa, Trikkala, Greece

Partisan leader, hid Jews with partisan groups

[Encyclopedia Judacia 1971. P.880

Mazower 1993. P.257]

Alfred (Dov) Pesti (b.1929)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

[Gur 2007. p.186]

Sandor (Simha) Péter (b.1925)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Underground Activist

[Gur 2007. p.187]

Ernö Petö

Budapest, Hungary

Jewish Council (Zsido Tanacs)

Distributed Auschwitz protocols

[Braham 1981.]

Ivar Philipson

Stockholm, Sweden

Rescue and relief leader, liason between Danish underground and Swedish government and Jewish community

[Yahil 1969.]

Thérèse Pierre

France

Leader, National Movement Against Racism (Mouvement National Contre le Racisme)

Moshe (Alpan) “Elephant” Pil

Budapest, Hungary

Leader, He Halutz Resistance (Zionist Youth Resistance)

Relief and Rescue Committee

Worked at Swiss Glass House

Hatzalah

[Braham 1981.

Cohen 1986.

Gur 2007.]

Robert Pilpel (1905-1987)

USA; Lisbon, Portugal

Cuba

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1944-1945; executive staff, 1939-1952; secretary, Agro Joint, 1940-1944, Cuba Oct-Nov 1941, Pro Tem

[JDC Archives, NY]

David Pinchuk

Szarkowszczyna Ghetto

Leader, ghetto underground; caused Jews to escape before liquidation; 10,000 Jews escaped

[Suhl 1967.]

Mr. Pines

Switzerland

HIJEFS

Menachem Pinkhof

Netherlands

Zionist Palestine Pioneers

Rescue leader, Youth Aliya House, Loosdrecht, Holland

Worked with Joachim Simon*

David Pinsky

USA

Co-chairman, National Labor Committee for Palestine

Gertrude D. Pinsky

Montevideo, Uruguay; Europe

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1943-1944; staff, 1944-1946

[JDC Archives, NY]

Shalom Piolun*

Zhetl Ghetto

Member, Zhetl Ghetto Jewish Council

Member, Zhetl partisan organization

Killed

Louis J. Platt

 

Field representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1936-1938

[JDC Archives, NY]

Dr. Max Plavt

Hamburg, Germany

Last President of the Jewish Community of Hamburg (1938-1943)

Facilitated Jewish escape by producing visas

Frumka * (1914-1943)

Poland

Leader, Hechalutz

Jewish Armed Resistance

Courier to Principal ghettos, brought news and warned Jews

Organized revolt in Bedzin Ghetto

Killed

[JDC Archives, NY

Porat 1990. P.315

Suhl 1967.

Trunk 1972. P.583]

Malka Pogatzki Smolli

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Saved children from Kovno ghetto, Spring 1944

[Neshamit pp.318-320]

Henry Pohrylès

Nice, France

Leader, Armée Juive (AJ; Jewish Army)

[Lazare 1996.]

Jorgan Polack

 

Rescue activist

[Yahil 1969. Pp.336,350,374]

Moses Polakiewicz

New York; London

Representation of Polish Jewry

World Jewish Congress

Polish Government in Exile, 1943-1945

Abraham Polanski (b. 1903)

France

Co-founder, Jewish Army (AJ; Armée Juive), Jewish Resistance Movement

Founder “Strong Fist (Main Forte; MF)

Zionist Bricha

[Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

György Polgar

Budapest, Hungary

Rescue advocate-activist

Member, Jewish council (Zsido Tanacs)

Leader, Welfare Bureau of Hungarian Jews (Mahyar Izraeliták Országos Irodája; MIPI)

[Braham 1981. P.630]

Léon Poliakov (aka Robert Paul)

France

Service André, resistance activist; post-war historian, author

[Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

Dr. Josef Pollak

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Department of Culture, Education

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Avraham Polonsky

Naliboki Forest

Novogrudok, Russia

Partisan Leader Bielski Group, TEC

Eugénie (Génia) Polonski (Later: “Bat Mattitiahu”)

France

Jewish Army (Armée Juiue; AJ)

Strong Fist (Main Forte; MF)

[Poznanski 2001.]

Venja Pomerantz (Ze’ev Hadari), (b. 1916)

Istanbul, Turkey; Bulgaria

Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency in Turkey and Bulgaria, Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv), 1942-1946

Kibbutz Meuhad

[Friling 2005.

Ofer 1990.

Porat 1990. P.315]

David de Sola Pool

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Mrs. David de Sola Pool

Palestine; USA

Palestine President, the Women’s Zionist Organization (WZO)

President, Hadassa

Rescue advocate, activist

Jonel Popescu

Romania

 

Louis Popkin

New York, USA

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee staff, 1932-1935

[JDC Archives, NY]

Zelda F. Popkin

USA

Publicity director, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1943-1944

Dr. Joseph Popper

Czechoslovakia

Head, Committee for Aid for Refugees, Jewish Aid Committee, community leader

Member, Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesih

JRC; Kulturgemeinde

[Dagan 1984. Vol.1&2

Rothkirchen 2005. Pp. 34, 36, 53]

Dov Porat (Béla Fried) (1921-2003)

Slovakia

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Smuggled Jews from Slovakia to Hungary

Caught and escaped

[Gur 2007. P.186]

Judith Porgesz (b.1921)

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair liason

Distributed forged protective documents

Deported to Auschwitz, survived

[Gur 2007. P.188]

Chaya Porus

France

Zionist Youth Resistance

Jewish Armed Resistance

Hirsh Posesorsky

Nowe Swierzno Camp

 

Member, Bund-Tsukunft

Organized escape of 120 Jews in January 1943

Dr. Chaim Posner (1899-1981)

Danzig, Poland; Geneva, Switzerland

Head, Palestine Office, Danzig, 1934-1938

Co-chairman Palestine Office, Geneva, 1940-1945

Collected and diseminated information on the Shoah

[Braham 1981. Pp.697-698]

Potashnik* (d. 1943)

Belgium

Underground partisan activist

Resisted deportations, arrested tortured killed

[Suhl 1967.

Gutfriend p.311]

Jacob Potofsky

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Boris Pregel

New York, NY., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Co-chairman, American Committee of OSE

Yankel Prenner

Vilna, Lithuania

Partisan commander, “Death to Fascism” Battalion

Took in Jews who escaped from ghettoes

Meyer L. Prentis

Detroit Michigan, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Herman (Tzvi) Prizant (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

Warned Jews of deportations, arrested and escaped

[Gur 2007. P.188]

Aron Propes

Warsaw

Betar

Mortimer J. Propp

New York, USA

Chairman, American Committee for Relief and Resettlement of Yemenite Jews

Judge Joseph M. Proskauer

New York, New York, USA

Leader, American Jewish Committee (AJC)

Board of Directors, JDC

Rescue and relief activist

[American Jewish Committee Yearbooks, WWII]

Friedrich Prossnitz

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Financial Management

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Heintz Prossnitz

Prague, Czechoslovakia

Relief activist, sent parcels to ghettoes and concentration camps

[Dagan]

Rabbi Josué Prunner

Southern France

Rescue activist, arrested by Germans

[Poznanski 2001.

Rayski 2005.]

Edith Pulver*

France

La Sixième, Assistant to Marc Hagenau; murdered in Auschwitz

[Lazare 1996

Poznanski 2001.]

Jacques Pulver

France

UGIF-South, Social Services

[Adler 1987.

Lazare 2005.]

 

Honorable Joseph Pulvermacher

New York, USA

Chairman, Businessman’s Council

Board of directors, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America (HIAS)

“Rescue Through Emigration” campaign, HIAS

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Herman Quittman

USA

President, Association of Hungarian Jews of America

Tzadok Raab “Cicus” (1922-2005)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Aided refugees from Slovakia and Poland

Warned Jews, distributed protective papers

Tiyul Leader

[Gur 2007. P.189]

Benjamin J. Rabin

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Rose M. Rabinoff

 

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)-Cuba Joint Relief Committee, 1941-1943

[JDC Archives, NY]

Rabbi Chaim Ikheskel Rabinowicz

Iwaniska Ghetto (Radom District)

Member, Iwaniska Jewish Council; helped 300 Jews escape the ghetto

[Trunk 1972. P.466]

Adolph Rabinowitz*

France

Jewish Agency for Palestine

Yishuv Parachutist

Captured and executed

 [Friling 2005.]

Jacques Rabinowicz

Paris, France

UGIF Legal Department

United Defense Committee, Paris

 

[Adler 1987.]

 

Oscar Rabinowitz

Prague, Czechoslovakia

New Zionist Organization (NZO)

Betar

Operated Aliya Bet rescue operation, worked with Eliyahu Glazer

Sidney Rabinowitz

Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Vice president, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America (HIAS)

Emmanuel Racine

Southern France

Combat Network; Éducation Physique

Rescuer, guide

[Klarsfed 1985.

Samuel 2002.]

Mila Racine*

France

Member of Zionist Youth Movement MJS; Éducation Physique; took Jewish children across Swiss border;

Deported to Ravensbrück and murdered

[Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.]

István Rádi

Budapest, Hungary

Clothes Collecting Company

Section T, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

[Braham 1981. P.998]

André Radzinski

France

Solidarity Youth Section

Samuel Radzinski

France

Solidarity, Leadership Youth Section

Arrested deported to Auschwitz July 1943, escaped January 1944

[Adler 1987.]

Avraham Rafovski

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Leader, He Halutz Ha Mazrachi, Lithuania

Produced forged visas and documents for refugees

Rakower

Brussels, Belgium

Partisan Group commander

Fought deportations, destroyed lists

Leader, Committee for the Defense of Jews (CDJ)

Raided Jewish Council Office, destroyed records

[Daring to Resist p.124-125

Suhl 1967./Gutfriend p.309]

David Ramirez

 

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

[Friling 2005.]

Mr. Chaskel Rand

Switzerland

HIJEFS

David Rapoport*

Paris, France; Southern France

Founder, Rue Amelot Committee; took Jewish children across Swiss border

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society) representative

Killed

[Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.]

Paulette Rapoport

Paris, France

Rue Amelot Committee

[Adler 1987.]

Berl Raptor

Palestine

Mapai Party, rescue advocate

Leonard Ratner

Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Jacques Rather

France

Childrens Aid Rescue Society (Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants; OSE)

Aaron S. Rauh

St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Richard S. Rauh

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Jacques Ravine

Paris, France

Leader, Solidarity

National board of the Jewish Section – Paris

Organized Jewish groups in Southern Zone into one organization: the UJRE

[Adler 1987.

Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.]

Abraham Rayski (Adam) (b. 1914)

France

Solidarity Leadership

Author, Historian

[Adler 1987.

Latour 1970.

Lazare 1996.

Rayski 2005.]

David Raziel

Europe, Palestine

Irgun commander

[Perl 1978 p.226, 284]

Cecilia Razovsky (Davidson; 1891-1968)

USA

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Executive director, European-Jewish Children’s Aid

Secretary and executive director, National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees and Emigrants Coming from Germany

Director, Migration Department, National Refugee Service, Inc. (NRS)

[JDC Archives, NY

Razovsky

Zucker 2008.]

Yehoshua Razovsky

Lithuania

Kobe, Japan

Representative, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS-ICA)

[HIAS Archives, Yivo]

Loro Reading

Great Britain

Chairman, Council for German Jewry, London; Central Council for Jewish Refugees, London

American Joint Reconstruction Foundation (ICA)

Edit Reich (Ruth Atsmoni) (b. 1926)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

Distributed papers from the Population Registry Offices

[Gur 2007. P.47]

Nathan Reich

New York, USA

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, headquarters staff, 1944-1948

[JDC Archives, NY]

Amikam Reichman (Ronen) (1927-1999)

Budapest, Hungary

Tiyul operative

Hanoar Hatzioni

Distributed forged documents

Established childrens homes under Dept A ICRC

Arrested and escaped

[Gur 2007. p.198]

Ernö Ezra Reichman (b.1926)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Helped forge and distribute protective papers

[Gur 2007.  p.190]

Renée Reichmann

Tangier

Rescue Committee of the Orthodox Rabbis in the United States (Va’ad Hatsala; Emergency Committee for War Torn Yeshivot)

Frieda Reifer

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (‘Despite Everything”)

Perl Transport

Activist, rescuer

Assembled and hid Jewish refugees

[Perl 1978. P.16]

Iser Reifer

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (‘Despite Everything”)

Perl Transport

Activist, rescuer

Assembled and hid Jewish refugees

[Perl 1978. P.16]

Dr. Léon Reifman

Southern France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (OSE ; France de Secours aux Enfants)

Worked in Sabina Zlatin Izieu Home in Prefecture of Herault

[Klarsfeld 1985.]

Dr. Suzanne Levan Reifman*

Southern France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (OSE ; France de Secours aux Enfants)

Worked in Sabina Zlatin Izieu Home in Prefecture of Herault

Sister of Dr. Léon Reifman

Murdered in Auschwitz

[Klarsfeld 1985.]

Haviva Reik* (1914-1944)

Slovakia

Partisan rescuer, Parachutist for Yishuv Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA) to Slovakia

Killed November 1944

[Friling 2005.]

Kurt Reilinger

Paris, France; Holland

Leader, “Nanno” Group

Dutch Pioneer Underground rescuer

Arrested in Paris, April 1944

[Presser 1969.]

Mrs. Tibor Reiner

Budapest, Hungary

Nurse, relief worker

Anshel Reis

Palestine

Rescue activist, Mapai Party (labor)

Joszke (Joseph) Reisman (1923-1989)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

Worked at Swiss Glass House, liason

Distributed protective documents and supplies, rescued prisoners

[Gur 2007. P.191]

Anschel Reiss (1886-1984)

Palestine; England

Rescue Committee, World Jewish Congress, (WJC), delegate Rescue Committee in London

Contact with Polish government-in-exile, 1943-1944

[Friling 2005.

Ofer 1990. P.204]

Jacob Reiss

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Treasurer, Palestine Office, Prague

[Dagan 1984.

Rothkirchen 2005.]

Rafael Reiss* (d. 1944)

Slovakia

Partisan rescuer, Parachutist for Yishuv (JA) to Slovakia

Killed November 1944

[Friling 2005.]

Jakov “Jaksi” Reisz (Ya’alov Row) (b.1924)

Slovakia-Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Smuggled Jews across border

Arrested, sent to Auschwitz, survived

[Gur 2007.]

Leiser Rejzner*

Bialystock, Poland

Zionist Youth Armed Underground

Partisan rescue and relief activist

Killed, Bialystock ghetto uprising, August 1943

[Daring to Resist 2007. Pp.86-88]

Eisik Remba

Warsaw

Betar

Efriam Retskin

Horodok Ghetto

Chairman, Horodok Jewish Council; promoted escape from ghetto

[Trunk 1971. P.465]

Reuben Resnick

Near East, Portugal, Italy

Field representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1943-1946

Charles Ress

New York City, New York, USA

Chairman, board of directors, Palestine Foundation Fund (Keren Hayesod), Inc.

Co-chairman, United Palestine Appeal

[JDC Archives, NY]

Dr. Peretz (Perec) Révécz (b. 1916)

Slovakia; Budapest, Hungary

He Halutz Resistance (Zionist Youth Resistance); Leader Maccabi Hatzair

Worked for Swiss legation

Confidential representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[Gur 2007. P.193

JDC Archives, NY]

Istvan Revesz* (Yirmiyahu) (1926-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Kassa

Underground Activist

Arrested, deported to Auschwitz,

Murdered

[Gur 2007. P.194]

Noemi (Nonika) Révész (Róza Ráhel Feder) (b. 1919)

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Underground activist, took care of children

[Gur 2007. P.193]

Rebeccah M. Reyher

 

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Dominican Republic Settlement Association (DORSA), Executive Secretary, 1940-1943

[JDC Archives, NY]

Nissan Reznik

Vilnius Ghetto, Lithuania

Leader, United Partisan Organization

Warned Jews, urged non-cooperation and escape from ghetto

Member, Ha-No’ar Ha-Tsiyyoni

Joseph M. Rheins (1905-1980)

Cincinnati, Ohio, USA

Attorney at law

Helped procure 400-800 affidavits for refugees

Worked with Rabbi Elizer Silver

Dr. Hugó Richter

Budapest, Hungary

Physician, relief activist

[Adler 1987.]

Ika Richter*

France

Bund relief activist, arrested, imprisoned, died in prison Oct 5, 1941

Dr. Gerhard Riegner (1911-)

Geneva, Switzerland

Director, World Jewish Congress (WJC) Geneva office, 1936-1945

Collected and sent information on Holocaust, warned Jews of Holocaust; major rescue worker

[Gutman 1977.

Morse 1967.

Riegner

Wyman 1984.]

Saul Rifkin

New York City, New York, USA

Vice chairman, Jewish Labor Committee (JLC)

Mrs. Rina (Buno)

Paris, France

Rue Amelot Committee

[Adler 1987.]

Nathan Ring

Rudninkai Forest, Lithuania

Partisan commander, “Yechiel’s Combat Group”

Took in escaped Jews to forest camps

Emanuel Ringelblum

Poland

Chair, Jewish Society for Self-Help (Zydowskie Towarzystwo Opkieki Spolecznei; ZETOS), part of JDC, CENTOS, TOZ

Secretary, Koordinatzie-Komitet (KK) Koordinirungs-Komisie fun di Iddishe Helf und Sozial-Gesellshaftn

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), Warsaw

Historian; founder, Oneg Shabbat

[JDC Archives, NY]

Imre Rip* (1919-1943)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Member, Yugoslav Anti-Fascist Committee

Arrested, deported to Ukraine, died there

[Gur 2007. P.196]

Rigmund Ritel

New York, USA

Vice President, Committee to Save Bulgarian Jews

[Chary 1970. P.13]

Éva Ritscher (Hava Halevi)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Distributed protective documents, rescued Jews on death marches, helped children

[Gur 2007. pp.124-125]

Ilona Ritscher (Judith Charody; b. 1927)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Printed documents, worked in children’s homes, distributed weapons

Arrested, later released

[Gur 2007. P.71]

Mr. Ritter

Vienna, Austria

Halutz (Youth Aliya)

Ottó (Avraham “Avri”) Robicsek (b.1925)

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Collected Protective documents

Arrested, sent to Kistarca Camp

Caught, deported to Auschwitz, survived

[Gur 2007. p.196]

Béla (Baruh) Robinson (1918-2002)

Hungary

Romania

Slovakia

Escape leader Slovakia-Romania-Hungary

Posed as Arrow Cross soldier

[Gur 2007. p.196]

Benjamin Robinson

Canada

Officer, Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC)

Rescue and relief activist

[UJE p.694]

Jacob Robinson (1889-1977)

USA

Head of Committee to Care for Refugees from Poland

Chairman, Institute of Jewish Affairs (IJA), 1941-1948 (part of World Jewish Congress; WJC)

Dr. Jacob Robinson

Vilnius, Lithuania

Ezrat Plitim

[Bauer 1981.]

Oscor Rocca

Ecuador

HICEM

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[HICEM Archives, Yivo

JDC Archives, NY]

Louis Rocker

New York City, New York, USA

Treasurer, Zionist Organization of America

O.B. Roger

Canada

Officer Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC)

Recue and relief activist

[UJE p.654]

Jacques Roitman

France

French Jewish Scouts (EIF ; Eclaireurs Israélites de France) ; Service d’Evacuation et de Rassemblement d’Enfants

Worked with Nanno Group from Netherlands

Escape leader, arrested May 1944

Brother of Léon Rottman

[Lazare 1996.]

Léon Roitman

France; Holland

French Jewish Scouts (EIF ; Eclaireurs Israélites de France) ; Service d’Evacuation et de Rassemblement d’Enfants

Escape leader, brother of Jacques Roitman

[Lazare 1996.]

Ruth M. Rojek

USA

Staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1938-1943

[JDC Archives, NY]

Gisèle Roman

France

Director, Sere Team

[Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.

(Ergosi) Nussbaum Romani

 

Palestine Office

Rescue activist

[Porat p.248]

Dr. A. Romano

Bulgaria

Head of Zionists in Bulgaria

Zoltán Rónai

Budapest, Hungary

Jewish Council (Zsido Tanacs), Head, Technical Department, police liaison, fed Jews in ghettos

[Braham 1981. P.831]

Aliza (Lulu) Ronel (Barmat) (b.1922)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomet Hatzair

Helped refugees from Slovakia

[Gur 2007. P.198]

Avraham (Bunyu) Ronen (Ápád Landesmann) (b. 1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Bratislava, Slovakia

Hashomer Hatzair

Forged protective documents

Fought in Slovak uprising, protected Jews

[Gur 2007. P. 199

A. J. Rongy

New York, New York, USA

Chairman, American Committee of OSE

Board of Directors, JDC

Adam Ronikier

Krakow, Poland

First Chairman, Central Welfare Council (RGO; Rada Glowna Opiekuncza)

Joseph Roos*

Southern France

Nice Committee of UJRE

Lawyer, arrested by Germans, tortured and killed

Alex Rose

USA

Co-chairman, National Labor Committee for Palestine

Emanuel Rosen

Overseas staff

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1939-1942

[JDC Archives, NY]

Irwin Rosen

USA

Staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1939-1948

[JDC Archives, NY]

Joseph A. Rosen

New York, USA

President and member of the board of directors, American Jewish Joint Agricultural Corporation

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) overseas staff, 1921-1942

[JDC Archives, NY]

Léon Rosen

France

Rescued Jewish children

[Lazare 1996.]

Yona Rosen

Yugoslavia

Yishuv Parachutist

Liaison with Yugoslav Partisans

[Friling 2005.]

Milton J. Rosenau

USA

Hon. Chairman, American Committee of OSE

Charlotte Rosenbaum

Southern France

Garel Network (Réseau Garel)

[Samuel 2002.]

Joseph Rosenbaum

Switzerland

HIJEFS

Dr. Karl Rosenbaum

Slovakia

Vice president, Zentrales Soziales Fürsorge-Kommitee für die Juden in Slovensko

[Dagan 1984. Vol.2 pp.164,169

JDC Archives, NY]

M. R. Rosenbaum

Lithuania

Representative, Youth Aliyah

Lithuanian rescue activist

Mose (Moshe) Rosenbaum (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

Rescued Jews in Carpatho-Ruthenia with forged papers

Underground activist in Budapest

[Gur 2007. P.200]

Rabbi Pinchas Tibor Rosenbaum (1923-1985)

Czechoslovakia; Budapest, Hungary

B’nai Akiva (Mizrachi)

He Halutz Resistance, Hatzalah

Jewish community leader, confidential representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Worked out of Swiss Glass House, saved Jews from houses and death marches

[Braham

Gur 2007. pp.200-201

JDC Archives, NY]

Shmuel Rosenbaum (b. 1926)

Hungary

Dror Habonim Hungary

Rescue and resistance underground

[Gur 2007. P.201]

Dr. Dragutin Rosenberg

Zagreb, Yugoslavia

Jewish community leader; secretary to Dr. Kon

Israel Rosenberg

New York, NY., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

James N. Rosenberg (1874-1970)

New York, New York, USA

Chairman, Agro-Joint, 1924-1942

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), chairman, executive committee; vice chairman, 1923-1939, Member Board of Directors

DORSA, hon. Chairman, 1946-1970; vice president, 1939-1942; chairman, board of directors, 1941-1947

ASJFS president, 1928-1948

[JDC Archives, NY]

James Rosenberg

 

Russian War Relief Committee (RWR)

Justus “Gussie” Rosenberg

Southern France

Emergency Rescue Committee (ERC)

[Fry 1945.]

Moshe Rosenberg (1889 -1972)

Budapest, Hungary

He Halutz Resistance (Zionist Youth Resistance); leader, Hagana Committee (He Halutz)

Jewish Council of Budapest, Department of Country Towns

Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv); Mizrahi

[Braham 1981.

Gur 2007. P.202]

Peretz Rosenberg

Yugoslavia

Yishuv partisan, rescuer

[Friling 2005.]

Piri Rosenberg (Irén Joszipovics) (1918-1969)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Distributed forged protective papers

[Gur 2007. P.136]

Raphael (Rezsö) Rosenberg (1922-1986)

Arad, Romania

Central Council Hanoar Hatzioni

Took care of refugees, organized smuggling of Jews to Romania from Hungary

[Gur 2007. P.203]

Reuven Rosenberg*

Bialystock Ghetto, Poland

Zionist Youth underground activist

Killed, fought in ghetto uprising August 1943.

[Daring to Resist 2007. Pp.86-88]

Saul “Sheli” Rosenberg (b.1924)

 

Bnei Akiva

Tiyul Operative

[Gur 2007. P.202]

Shmuel Rosenbaum (b. 1926)

Hungary

Dror Habonim Hungary

Rescue and resistance underground

[Gur 2007. P.201]

Tibor Rosenberg (Ya’akov “Benito” Ronen) (b.1917)

Budapest, Hungary

Slovakia

Leader Hashomer Hatzair

Smuggled Jews from Poland to Slovakia

[Gur 2007. pp.199-200]

Tuli Rosenberg (Anton Ronald) (b.1919)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Tried to save Jews in provincial ghettos

Arrested, escaped, later active in Budapest

[Gur 2007. Pp.197-198]

Walter Rosenberg (Rudolf Vrba)

Slovakia

Escaped from Auschwitz-Birkenau, 1942; produced Auschwitz Report; warned Jews.

[Gilbert 1981.

Suhl 1967.

Verba]

Albert Rosenblatt

New York City, New York, USA

Vice president, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America (HIAS)

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Bernard A. Rosenblatt

USA

Executive secretary, Palestine Foundation Fund (Keren Hayesod), Inc.

Kalman Rosenblat

Turkey

Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA)

General Zionist, A and B

Charles J. Rosenbloom

USA

Treasurer, United Palestine Appeal

Lea Rosenblum (b.1929) (Mártá Révész)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Obtained Aryan Protective Ids from Population Registry Office

[Gur 2007. P.203]

Yeshayahu (Sajó) Rosenblum (Alias “Péter Kállai”)

Budapest, Hungary

Rescue activist.

He Haultz Resistance

Helped establish childrens protective houses. Posed as a Hungarian Soldier

[Cohen 1986.

Gur 2007. Pp.203-204]

Yitzhak “Izsu” Rosenfeld (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Obtained forged Arayan Documents, Liason- Warned Jews, build bunkers, founded childrens home under, International Committee of the Red Cross, ICRC


Distributed Swiss protective papers, worked in Glass House

[Gur 2007. P.205]

Herbert Rosengarten

New York, NY., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

I. Rosengarten*

France

Representative, HIAS-ICA Emigration Association of France

Killed

[Ginzberg p.193

HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

Mr. Jacob Rosenheim

USA

President, Agudath Israel World Organization

World Jewish Congress

President, American Jewish Committee (AJC)

[Braham 1981. P.698]

Dudu Rosenkrantz

Romania

Jewish Lawyer

Worked with Fred Saraga inspecting Jewish ghettos and camps in Transnistria

Led rescue organization that saved Jews

[Ancel 1987. Vol 5,8

Bauer 1981. P.347]

Mrs. Samuel J. Rosensohn

New York City, New York, USA

Treasurer, the Women’s Zionist Organization of America (WZO)

Odette Rosenstock

France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE)

Marcel Network

[Samuel 2002.]

Rosenthal

Czechoslovakia

Jewish community leader; confidential representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Roni Rosenthal*

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Rescued children from Kovno Ghetto

Underground leader, Spring 1944

[Neshamit pp.318-320]

Lessing J. Rosenwald

Philadelphia, PA, USA

Vice president, American Jewish Committee (AJC)

Board of Directors, JDC

[American Jewish Committee Yearbooks, WWII]

William Rosenwald

Greenwich, Connecticut, USA

Vice chairman, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), Member, emergency Administration Committee

President, National Refugee Service, Inc. (NRS)

National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees and Emmigrants Coming from Germany (NCC) 1936-1939

[JDC Archives, NY

Zucker 2008. Pp.15,18,19]

Hiam “Imka” Rosenzweig (1926-?)

Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Distributed protective papers and funds to jews in provinces to help them escape ghettos and deportation

[Gur 2007. P.205]

Nathan Rosenzweig* (d.1943)

Bedzin-Sosnowiec Ghetto

Underground partisan

Resisted deportations, arrested, tortured, executed

[Apenszlak 1944. P.66]

Arnost Rosin (Alias: Jan Rohac)

 

Escaped from Auschwitz-Birkenau

Produced Report

Warned Jews

[Holocause Encyclopedia 1990.]

Rotgiel*

Belgium

General Secretary of the Jewish community

Jewish Defence Committee

Refused to join Jewish Council

Deported and murdered in German concentration camp.

[Suhl 1967. P.307]

Ágnes Roth (Shoshana Goldstein) (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Distributed protective documents

[Gur 2007. P.112]

Cecil Roth

Great Britain

Historian, warned Jews of Nazi actions

Miriam Roth (Mirgam Feldman) (b.1920)

Bratislava, Slovakia

Budapest

Bnei Akiva

Underground rescue and relief activist, distributed forged papers, food and supplies

[Gur 2007. P.205]

Dr. Siegfried (Stephen) Roth (1915-1995)

Budapest, Hungary

Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv); Mizrahi

Leader Hanoar Hatzioni

Worked at Swiss Legation

Organized Tiyul

[Braham 1981. Pp.993,1176

Cohen 1986.

Gur 2007. P.206]

Yitzhak (Iz?ak) Roth (1915-1994)

Slovakia

Budapest, Hungary

Leader Bnei Akiva

Eretz-I Sreal Office, Budapest, Youth Department organized aliya to Palestine

[Gur 2007. P.206]

Pál Rothbart

Hungary

Member, “Shimoni Group”

[Gur 2007. P.207]

Dr. Alois Rothenberg

Vienna, Austria

Director, Palestine Office, Austria

Zionist Land Organization

[Frankel 1967.]

Morris Rothenberg

New York, New York, USA; UK

Rescue Activist

Co-chair, United Palestine Appeal

Co-chair, Palestine Foundation Fund, Inc.

Vice résident, Zionist Organization of America

Chairman of admininstrative committee, American Representatives of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

Council for German Jewry, London (Council)

Central Council for Jewish Refugees, London

Executive Committee, Board of Directors, JDC

Maurice Rothkehl

Belgium

Jewish Defense Committee (CDJ ; Comité de Défense des Juifs)

Henry Rothman

New York, NY., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Baron Robert de Rothschild

France

Philanthropist, rescuer advocate; founder, Groupment de Coordination

[Adler 1987.]

Karl Rottenstreich

Yugoslavia

He Halutz

“Poale Zion” liaison

[Gur 2007.]

Yitzhak Rottman (Gyorgy, Gyori) (b.1924)

Budapest

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground Tiyul Operative

Caught, deported to Auschwitz and Mauthausen, survived

[Gur 2007. P.207]

Kalman Rozenblat

Istanbul, Turkey

Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency in Turkey

General Zionists A & B

[Friling 2005.]

Albert Rozenblum

France

Resistance activist

Nathan Rozenweig*

Bendzin Ghetto, Poland

He Haltz underground, fighter

Rescuer

Killed

Arnost Rozin

Slovakia; Auschwitz-Birkenau

Escaped from Auschwitz-Birkenau; provided eyewitness account of the murder of Jews.

[Dagan 1986. Vol.3 p.318

Holocaust Encyclopedia 1990.

Suhl 1967.]

Yitzhak Rozin

Paris, France

Irgun, Center for Aliyah Sea transportation, Clandestine Landings

Mossad Aliyah Bet

[Ofer 1990 p.14]

Isaiah Rozowsky

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania; Shanghai, China; New York, USA

HIAS-ICA representative

Executive director, American Federation for Lithuanian Jews, Inc.

[Ginzberg 1942. P.165

HIAS Archives, Yivo]

H. J. Rubenstein

USA

Vice president, American Federation for Polish Jews

Hyman Rubin

Columbia, SC. USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Meir Rubin

Bucharest, Romania

Director, Palestine Office, ORAT

[Ofer 1990. p.257]

Leo Rubinfeld

Europe

Worked as representative for Sternbuch Group

[Kranzler]

Leibish Rubinfeld

Switzerland

HIJEFS

Julia Rubenstein

USA

Staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1933-1940

[JDC Archives, NY]

Ana Rud

Bialystok Ghetto

Member, “Antifascist Bialystok” cell; worked with partisans, participated in ghetto revolt

Hersh Rudicer

Minsk Ghetto

(Byelorussia]

Member, Minsk Jewish Council, Economic Department; promoted resistance and escape

[Trunk 1972. P.466]

Shmuel Rufeisen “Oswald”; also known as Father Daniel

Poland

Rescued Jews

He Haultz member

Helped Mir Council

[Trunk 1972. P.466]

Gideon Rufer (Raphael)

Italy

Mossad Aliyah Bet

[Ofer 1990. P.43]

Arthur Ruppin

 

Rescue advocate

Marila Ruziecka

Bialystok Ghetto

Member, “Antifascist Bialystok” cell underground; helped partisans; participated in ghetto revolt