Content posted July 9, 2017

Registry of Jewish Rescuers (S-V)

* = killed


 

Name

Location

Description/Organization[Reference(s)]

Dr. Angelo Sacerdoti

Italy

Community leader

Council of the Union

Rescue advocate

Dr. Bernard Sachs

New York, New York, USA

Rescue Activist

Emergency Committee in Aid of  Displaced Foreign Physicians OSE

Board of Directors, JDC

[Zucker 2008.]

Professor Dov Sadan

Palestine

Active in Al-Domi (No Silence); rescue advocate

Shlomo Sadeh (1924-2003) (Tamás Szabo)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomwe Hatzair

Fighting Underground

[Gur 2007. P.209]

Ben Sadowski

Toronto, Canada

Board of Directors, JDC

Alena Sáfár (Zehava Becker) (b.1921)

Budapest, Hungary

Beitar underground activist – courier

Assistant to Andy Freiman, Leader of Beitar

Worked at Swiss Glass House

[Gur 2007. P.54]

Rabbi Alexander Safran (1910-2006)

Romania

Union of Jewish Communities (Federatia Uniunilor de Comunitati Evreesti), Jewish community leader, rescuer

Chief Rabbi of Romania 1940-1947

Forstalled deportations, reported on Holocaust

[Levai 1965.

Safran 1987.]

Gregor Sagal

Germany

Paltreu Company

Assistant to Ernst Marcus

[Levin 1968. P.83]

Benjamin Sagalowitz

Geneva, Switzerland

World Jewish Congress (WJC)

Union of Jewish Communities in Switzerland

Eliyaltu “Eli” Saji (1924-1984)

Budapest, Hungary

He Halutz Rescue and Resistance

Hashomer Hatzair

Helped refugees from Slovokia, distributed Swiss Shutzpasse

Arrested

[Gur 2007. P.209]

Péter (Eli) Sajó* (1920-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Leader Hashomer Hatzair

Major underground Zionist leader, caught and deported to Auchwitz, murdered

[Gur 2007. P.209]

Simon Sakowitz

Houston, Texas, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Ignác Salamon (Yitzak Shalmon) (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Helped procure Aryan documents for Jews

Arrested and tortured, escaped from Arrow Cross

[Gur 2007. Pp.209-210]

Mihály Salamon (1897 -1991)

(Menachem Mendel Salomon)

Budapest, Hungary

Mizrachi

Senior rescue activist, worked at Swiss legation, Vadasz Street

Procured Schutzpasse for Jews

[Gur 2007. P.211]

Hava Salomon (1926-2007) (Eva Barmat)

Budapest Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Distributed forged protective paper and food

[Cohen 1981.

Gur 2007. P.210]

Edgar Salinger

USA

Chairman, American ORT Federation

Alice Salomon

France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE)

Andrée Salomon (d. 1985)

Limoges Sector, France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE)

Garel Network (Réseau Garel), worked with Julien Samuel

[Latour 1970.

Lazare 1996.

Samuel 2002.]

Walter Salomon

Caracas, Venezuela

Secretary, Comite Israelita Pro Refugiados

[JDC Archives, NY]

Jacques Salon

Southern France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE)

Arrested, deported, escaped

[Samuel 2002.]

Joseph Salpeter

Poland

Underground leader

[Porat 1990.]

Shmuel Saltzman*

Chmielnik Ghetto

Chairman, Chmielnik Jewish Council

Helped set up ghetto fighting resistance unit

Killed

A.J.Saltzsein

Milwaukee , Wisconsin, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

B. Salutskij

Helsinki, Finland

Refugee Committee, Helsinki Jewish Congregation

[Rautkalio 1987.]

Chief Rabbi Israël Salzer

Southern France

President, chaplain of Les Milles Camp, relief activist

Tried to stop deportation by intervening with French authorities

General Union of French Jews (Union Général des Israelites de France;UGIF-South)

[Poznanski 2001.]

S. Sambor*

France

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrand Aid Society) Emigration Association of Œuvre

Killed

[Ginzberg p.192

HIAS Archives, NY

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

Sir Herbert Samuel

Great Britain

Council for German Jewry (Council) ; Central Council for Jewish Refugees, London

Julien Samuel (d. 1981)

Marseilles and Limoges, France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE)

Garel Network (Réseau Garel)

Arrested, deported, escaped

[Cohen 1987.

Latour 1970.

Rayski 2005.

Samuel 2002.]

Vivette Samuel

Southern France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE), Rivesaltes French Detention Center

[Rayski 2005.

Samuel 2002.]

Sarah Sandak (1920-2005) (Sári Kertész)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Helped refugees, obtained and distributed Aryan Documents

[Gur 2007. P.211]

Dr. Franz Sander

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Federation of Jewish Religious Congregations, Department for Non-Mosaic Jews

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Gerard Sanders

Netherlands

Jewish Council leader, Enschede, Holland; urged Jews to go into hiding; developed underground movement

[Presser 1969.]

Fred Saraga

Bucharest, Romania

Refugee Aid Committee

Autonomous Committee for Assistance (Comisia Autonoma de Assistenta)

Jewish Coordinating Council

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[Ancel 1987. Vol.5,8

JDC Archives, NY]

Dov Sas* (1922-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Killed in action with Red Army in 1944

[Gur 2007. P.212]

Sir Victor Sassoon

Shanghai, China

Philanthropist, founded and funded International Committee for the Relief of European Jews (IC)

[Kranzer 1976.]

Louis Scadron

USA

Treasurer, Tel-Hai Fund, Inc.

Zvi Scarlet (Shani)

Palestine

Treasurer, secretary, Al-Domi (Do Not Keep Silent)

Rescue activist

Nathan Schachnowski

France

Bund

Relief activist, arrested for aiding Jews

[Adler 1987.]

József (Joseph) Schaeffer (1922-1984)

Budapest, Hungary

Leader Maccabi Hatzair

Helped refugees from Slovakia

Worked in Dept. A International Red Cross (ICRC), with childrens homes

[Gur 2007.]

Moshe Schalit*

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

President, HIAS-ICA, Kovno, Vilna, Riga

Deported and murdered in concentration camp

[Ginzberg 1942. Pp.163-164

HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

Katalin Schamschila (1926-2003) (Rut Herzfeld)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Distributed forged Swiss protective documents

[Gur 2007. P.211]

E.J Schanfarber

Columbus, Ohio, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Lazer Schatzufkovitch

Palestine

Polish Jewish leadership, fundraising

David Schecter* (1924-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist

Killed while escaping to Bucharest

[Gur 2007. P.212]

Herman Schechter (Tzvi Shahar) (b.1926)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist

[Gur 2007. P.219]

Zvi Schechter

Turkey

Mossad Aliyah Bet, Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

[Friling 2005.]

Ibolya Scheer (Mirium Goldberger; b. 1922)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Rescue activist

Wife of Otto Goldberger

[Gur 2007. P.108]

Edith Scheftel (“Jacqueline Estager,” “Pauline Gaudefroi”)

Limoges, France

Leader, Children’s Aid Rescue Society (OSE ; Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants), Central section

Dr. Jacob Scheiber

Romania

Betar Party

Lucienn Scheid-Hass

Occupied France

Council member, General Union of Jews of France (UGIF-North)

[Adler 1987.

Cohen 1987.]

Yechiel Scheinbaum*

Vilnius-Vilna Ghetto, Lithuania

Leader, “Yechiel’s Combat Group”

Underground partisan commander; helped Jews escape

Cooperated with FPO

Killed in action

Dr. Shmuel Scheps (b. 1904)

Basel and Geneva, Switzerland

Head, Palestine office, Basel, 1933-1939

Head, Palestine office, Geneva, 1939-1945

[Porat 1990. P.317]

Dr. Emmanuel Scherer (Bund)

Poland

Council for the Rescue of the Jewish Population of Poland

Rico Schick

Vienna, Austria

Escape leader

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”)

Perl Transport, Commanded rescue ship Aghia Tzioni

[Perl 1978. P.217]

Dr. Jacob Schieber

Romania

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”) Perl Transport

Leader Romanian Betar Party

Rescue and relief activist

[Ofer 1990. Pp.78,85

Perl 1978.]

Otto Schiff

London, England

Head, Jews temporary shelter

Jewish Refugee Committee

German Jewish Aid Committee

Robert W. Schiff

Columbus, Ohio, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Rabbi Henry Schilli

France

Chaplain General AGDE and Argeles Camps

[Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.

Samuel 2002.]

Josef Schleich

Graz, Austria

Smuggled Jews out of Austria

Worked with Recha Freier (Youth Aliyah)

Joseph Schlesinger (1900-1981)

Budapest, Hungary

Leader Mizrahi

Member Rescue and Relief Committee of Budapest

Eretz Israel Committee (PAL AMT)

[Gur 2007. P.213]

Ruhama Schlesinger (Rózsi Weisz) (1905-1988)

Budapest Hungary

Mizrahi

Wife of Joseph Schlesinger

[Gur 2007. P.214]

Nurit Schlesinger (Hedy Fleischer) (b.1927)

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Rescue and relief activist

[Gur 2007. P.214]

Yaffe Gabriel Schlesinger (1896-1979)

Budapest, Hungary

Founder, Chairman, Young Mizrahi

Vice Chairman, Keren Kayemet Le Israel

Comptroller, Rescue and Relief Committee

Eretz-Israel Committee (PAC-AMT)

[Gur 2007. P.214]

Ziszl Schlesinger (Eugénia Herskovitz) (1896-1975)

Budapest, Hungary

Mizrahi

Rescue activist with husband Yaffe Schlesinger

[Gur 2007. P.215]

Joseph Schlossberg

New York City, New York, USA

Vice chairman, Jewish Labor Committee (JLC)

National chairman, National Labor Committee for Palestine

J. Schmetterer

Transylvania

Committee for the Aid of Jewish Refugees from Northern Transylvania (Comitetul de asistentá a refugiatilor evrei din Ardealut de Nord)

Isser Schmidt

Vilna, Lithuania

Partisan commander of Ha-Nokem (Avenger) Battalion with Abba Kovner

Took in escaped Jews

Marie Schmolka

Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde)

National Coordinating Committee

Committee for Aid for Refugees from Germany, JDC Respresentative, HIAS-HICEM Representative

Jewish Colonization Association

Jewish Aid Committee

Social worker

[Dagan 1984. Vol. 1,2,3

Rothkirchen 2005.]

Dr. Emil Schmorak (1886-1953)

Istanbul, Turkey; Palestine

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

“Committee of Four”

Committee for Polish Jewry

[Friling 2005.]

Shlomo Schmuelevich (Shamagar)

Lisbon, France

Rescue activist

[Porat p.142]

George Schneck

Southern France

Physical Education, Éducation Physique

[Lazare 1996.]

David Schneeberg

New York, USA

Executive secretary, American Committee for Relief and Resettlement of Yemenite Jews

Professor Fischel Schneersohn (1885-1957)

Palestine

Executive committee, Al-Domi (No Silence)

Rescue activist

Rabbi Menachem Schneersohn

USA

Orthodox rescue and relief activist

Isaac Schneersohn

France

Founder, Center for Contemporary Jewish Documentation (CDJF ; Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaire)

[Adler 1987.

Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

Max J. Schneider

USA

Vice president, United Galician Jews of America

Harry Schneiderman

New York, USA

Assistant secretary, American Jewish Committee (AJC)

[AJC Yearbook]

Tema Schneiderman* (Alias Wanda Majewska)

Vilna Ghetto, Lithuania

Underground courier between ghettoes; girlfriend of Mordechai Tenenbaum

Warned Jews of mass executions

Murdered in Treblinka

[Yad Vashem Archives]

Nathan Schoenfeld

New York, USA

Associate treasurer, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America (HIAS)

[HIAS Archives, Yivo]

Marco Schoky

Ljubljana, Slovenia; Modena, Italy

Helped rescue Jewish children of Vila Emma at Nonantola, near Modena, Italy

[Voigt 2005.]

Vojtech Schön

Terezin Ghetto, Prague, Czeckoslovakia

Member, Council of Elders, Terezin Ghetto

Assistant to Jacob Edelstein

József Schonberger (Joseph “Yusuf” Ben Porat) (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Dept. A of International Red Cross, took care of Jewish children

[Gur 2007. P.56]

Rabbi Solomon Schonfeld (1912-1982)

England

Important rescue advocate and leader

[JDC Archives, NY

Kranzler 1982.]

Willy Schonfeld

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Vocational Counseling

[Dagan

Rothkirchen 2005.]

Haim Benjamin Schonwald (b.1922)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Rescued Jews wearing Arrow Cross insignia

Worked out of Swiss Glass House

[Gur 2007. P.215]

Mrs. A. P. Schoolman

New York City, New York, USA

Secretary, the Women’s Zionist Organization of America (WZO)

Chief Rabbi Professor Schorr

Poland

Chairman, General Relief Committee for Jewish Refugees from Germany in Poland

[Tartkower 1944. Pp.488-489]

Faiwel Schrager

France

Member, Coordinating Committee of Jewish Immigrant Organizations, MOI and CGD

Federation of French Jewish Organizations (FSJF)

Bund official

Herrz Naftali Schuldenfrei

Nonantola, Italy

Helped save Jewish children at Villa Emma at Nonantola

Samuel Schulman

USA

American Representatives of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

American Jewish Congress

Shlomo Schultz* (d.1944)

Budapest

Beitar

Saved Jews while posing as an Arrow Cross soldier

Caught and murdered

[Gur 2007. P.215]

E. Schupakevitz

Far East

Representative for Palestine Commission (Yishuv)

Arranged for escape routes

Heinz Schuster

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Labor Office

He Halutz

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Nathan Schwalb (b. 1908)

Geneva, Switzerland

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

World He Halutz Center, Geneva, Switzerland, 1939-1945

[Friling 2005.

Wagman-Eshkoli 1998.]

Stefan Schwamm (Alias “Monsieur Bernard Lioré”)

Italy

DELASEM (Aid Commission for Jewish Refugees; Delegazione Assistenza Emigranti)

Helped save Jews in Rome

[Leboucher 1969.

Waagenaar 1974.]

Isaïe Schwarts

France

Chief Rabbi of Paris

Central Consistory, Paris – Vichy

Rescue and relief activist

[Adler 1987.

Lazare 1996.

Poznanski 2001.]

Amikam Schwartz

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

[Gur 2007. P.216]

Ernö Schwartz (b.1925) (Prof. Menachem Tzvi Kadari)

Hungary

Leader Bnei Akiva, Tiyul rescue operations

[Gur 2007. P.138]

Ervin Schwartz (Dov Shimoni)

Budapest, Hungary

Leader, Shimoni Group

Maintained vital hospital for Jews in Budapest

[Gur 2007. P.222]

Frigyes (Shaye) Schwartz* (1927-1944)

Munkacs, Budapest, Hungary

Beitar

Distributed forged papers

Murdered in Budapest in 1944

[Gur 2007. P.216]

György Schwartz* (d.1944)

Budapest, Hungary

Beitar

Underground activist

Murdered in 1944

[Gur 2007. P.216]

Heinrich Schwartz*

Slovakia

Head of Jewish Office, Ustredna Zidov (UZ)

[Dagan 1984.]

Herta Schwartz (Goren) (b.1931)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

Distributed forged documents

[Gur 2007. P.113]

Jean Claude Schwartz

France

Solidarity (Solidatiré), Youth section

Youth Section Leadership

[Adler 1987.]

Joseph J. Schwartz (1899-1975)

USA, Europe

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC); executive staff, 1939-1940; vice chairman, 1940-1941; chairman, 1942-1949; Director, European Activities, WWII

[Cohen 1987.

JDC Archives, NY]

Lázló Schwartz (Eliyahu Sagi) (1924-1984)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Helped Jews escape from Slovakia

Distributed Swiss protective papers

Rescued Jews, posed as Hungarian soldier

[Gur 2007. P.204]

Liuba Schwartz

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Rescued children from Kovno ghetto, Spring 1944

[Neshamit pp.318-320]

Lotte Schwartz

France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (OSE ; Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants) Shelter, Chaumont

[Lazare 1996.]

Rosa Rachel Schwartz

Vienna, Austria

Youth Social Welfare Office; helped 2,844 children to emigrate

[Fraenkel 1967.]

Samu (Shmuel Arie) Schwartz (1894-1953)

Budapest, Hungary

Aided refugees from Slovakia

Tiyul activist

Employee of Swiss Glass House

Distributed forged Aryan documents

[Gur 2007. P.217]

Sophie Schwartz

France

Rescue activist, Solidarity, (Solidarité) leader

[Poznanski 2001.]

Ulysses S. Schwartz

Chicago, Illinois, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Vera Schwartz (Raphel “Rahelka” Keshet)

 

 

Dr. Ignacy I. Schwarzbart (Szwarcbart), (1888-1961)

London, England

Jewish representative of Polish government in exile; Zionist, 1940-1945

Getzl (Gecel) Schwartzman*

Tuczyn Ghetto

Chairman, Tuczyn Ghetto Council

Incited Jews to fight and escape; acquired arms, set fire to ghetto

Shot and killed

Wm. H. Schwarzchild

Richmond, Virginia, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Arnold Schwefelberg

Romania

Jewish Coordinating Council

Refugee Aid Committee

Worked with Wilhelm Filderman

[Ancel 1986. Vol 5,8]

Moshe Schweiger (Dr. Bar-Tzvi) (1905-1963)

Budapest, Hungary

Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv); Mizrahi

Head of Committee for Defense of Zionist Youth Movements, Budapest

Ihud Mapai

Arrested, deported to Mauthausen

[Braham 1981.

Cohen 1986. P.31

Gur 2007. P.51]

David K. Schweitzer (b. 1886)

 

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC); oversease staff, 1920-1942; Eurexco vice chairman, 1926-1939; JDC Recon. Found., vice manager director, 1928-1940; Dominican Republic Settlement Association (DORSA) manager, 1941-1942

American Joint Reconstruction Foundation (1939-1941)

[JDC Archives, NY

Tartakower 1944.]

Oszkárné (Shoshana) Schweitzer (1902-1978)

Budapest, Hungary

Mizrahi

Aided refugees from Poland

[Gur 2007. P.217]

Yitzhak Schwersenz

Berlin, Germany

Zionist Youth leader

Halutz

Created Chug Chalutzi (Zionist Circle), a rescue and relief organization

[Daring to Resist p.26]

Murray Seasongood

Cincinati, Ohio, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Arpád Sebestyén

Slovakia

Head of the Jewish Office (Ústredna Zidov; UZ), September 1941

Edit Sechter (Ester Vardi) (b.1922)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Obtained and distributed protective papers

Arrested, deported to Auschwitz and Bergen Belsen, survived

[Gur 2007. P.240]

Louis Segal

New York, New York, USA

Co-chairman, National Labor Committee for Palestine

Zvi (Herman) Segal

 

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

[Friling 2005.]

Dr. Frantisek Seidmann

Czeckoslovakia

Chairman, Association of Czechoslovak Immigrants (Hitachdut Oley Tshekhoslovakia)

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Otto Seidmann

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

Member, Betar Party

[Perl 1978.]

Pierre Seligman

France

Central Consistory Legal Commission

[Poznanski 2001.]

Eustace Seligman

New York, New York, USA

Chairman, National Coordinating Committee (NCC)

Board of Directors, JDC

Herbert J. Seligman

USA

Public information depart director, 1935-1938, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Julius Seligson*

Germany

Governing Board, Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland

Defied Nazis, was murdered

Bernard Semel

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Werner Senator

Germany

Central Committee of German Jews for Relief and Reconstruction (Zentralausschus der Deutschen Juden für Hilfe und Aufbau)

Samuel Sequerra

Barcelona, Spain

Lisbon, Portugal

Rescue and relief activist; American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

HIAS-HICEM

Portugese Commission for the Assistance of Jewish Refugees

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

JDC Archives, NY]

Isaac Serebnitzki

Kovno (Kaunas) Ghetto, Lithuania

Underground resistance

Representative of Jewish Council

Robert Serebrenik

Luxembourg

Aided in relief and rescue

Police Chief Serebriansk

Minsk Ghetto

Chief of Jewish police, Minsk Ghetto

Helped Jews escape ghetto

Enzo Sereni* (1905-1944)

Italy, Iraq, Germany, Palestine

He Halutz, Germany; helped young Jews

Youth Aliya

Worked on Havarah Agreement

Protected Jews in Iraq

Yishuv mission to Northern Italy

Murdered in Dachau

[Friling 2005.]

Julius Shafer

Seattle, Washington, USA

Vice president, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America (HIAS)

[HIAS Archives, Yivo]

Vladimir Shah

Paris, France; Brussels, Belgium

Council Member Union of French Jews (UGIF-S)

HIAS, BEL-HICEM, representative

[Cohen 1987.

Ginzberg 1942.

HIAS Archives, Yivo]

Lea Shahar (Leya Weisz) (1927-2007)

Hungary

Dror Habonim

Tiyul rescue Activist

[Gur 2007.p.215]

Mor (Moshe) Shapira (1920-2004)

Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Helped refugees from Slovakia

Arrested, imprisoned, and escaped from detention camp. Later caught and deported to Auschwitz, survived

[Gur 2007. P.220]

Moshe Shapira (Moshe Chaim), (1902-1970)

Palestine

Joint Rescue Committee, Jewish Agency for Palestine

Committee for the Jews of Occupied Europe

JAE

Immigration Department, Jewish Agency for Palestine, co-leader with E. Dobkin, 1935-1945

“Committee of Four”

Hopo’el Hamizrahi

Yaakov Shapira

Northern Italy

Yishuv, partisan, rescuer; Parachutist

[Friling 2005.]

Shapiro (American Citizen)

France

Arrested, Interned

[Adler 1987.]

Tzionit Sharoni (Rózsi Weisz) (1924-2000)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist.

[Gur 2007. P.220]

Yitzchat Shatan

Brussels, Belgium

Head, Palestine Office, Brussels

Underground activist

[Michmann 1998. Pp.401-413]

David S. Shecket

USA

Chairman, Tel-Hai Fund, Inc.

Reuvan Shefer

Tehran, Iran

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

[Friling 2005.]

Professor Joseph Sheffer

Budapest, Hungary

Rescue activist

Maccabi Hatzair

He Haults rescue and resistance

Assistant to Otto Komoly of the ICRC

[Cohen 1986. P.240]

Dr. Yisrael Sheib (Eldad)

Vilna, Lithuania

Produced forged visas

Alferd Shemanski

Seattle, Washington, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Rahel Shemer (Olga Löwy) (b.1927)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Procured and distributed Aryan Documents from Population Registry

[Gur 2007. Pp.220-221]

Bernard Shelvin

USA; Europe

HIAS representative to Europe, 1936-1937

[HIAS Archvies, Yivo]

Mr. Meir Shenkolesski

New York, USA

Agudath Israel, World Organization

Joseph Shenhauv (Joseph Weisz) (b.1930)

Budapest

Dror Harmonium

“Joined” Arrow Cross

Distributed Swiss Protective Papers, courier

[Gur 2007. P.221]

B. Sheps

Canada

President, Western Division Canadian Jewish Congress

Rescue and relief activist

Morris Sherer

New York, USA

Agudath Israel Youth Counicl of America

Bazalel Sherman

New York, New York, USA

Vice chairman, Jewish Labor Committee (JLC)

Carl Sherman

New York, USA

Chairman, administrative committee, American Jewish Congress

I.H. Sherman

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC, Member, Emergency Administration Committee

Arthur Sherr

New York, USA

Vice chairman, American Committee for the Relief and Resettlement of Yemenite Jews

Berl Shershenevski

Vilna, Lithuania

Partisan commander, “Death to Fascism” and “The Struggle” Battalions

Took in escaped Jews

Moshe Shertock (Sharett), (1894-1965)

Turkey; Palestine

Political Department, Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Head, Jewish Agency Political Department, 1933-1948

[Friling 2005.]

Zipporah Shertock

Tehran, Iran

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

[Friling 2005.]

Dov Shimoni (Erin Schwartz) (b.1919)

Budapest, Hungary

Founder Shimoni Group

Founded and maintained Jewish Hospitals which served as refuges for Jews

[Gur 2007. P.221]

Ze’ev Shind (Dani) (1909-1953)

Poland; Greece; Istanbul, Turkey

Mossad Aliyah Bet, 1935-1939

Kibbutz Ayelet Hashahar

Jewish Agency Representative Poland 1935-1939

Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency in Turkey, Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv), 1942-1944

[Friling 2005.

Ofer 1990.

Porat 1990. P.317]

Eli Shlomovitz (Shalev) (1922-1979)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

He Haultz Rescue and Resistance, Command Bunker

Arrested by Arrow Cross December 1944.

[Cohen 1986. Pp.198, 232-233

Gur 2007. P.219]

Samuel Shore

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Eliezer Shostak (b. 1911)

Palestine

Member, Rescue Committee, Jewish Agency for Palestine, 1943-1945

[Ofer 1990.]

Sholomo Zalman Shragai

Palestine

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Zionist executive

Va’ad Le’ummi (National Council of Jews in Palestine)

Executive committee, Al-Domi (No Silence)

[Friling 2005.]

Velvel Shreibman

Pruzana Ghetto

Vice Chairman, Pruzana Ghetto Jewish Council; promoted resistance and escape

[Trink 1972. Pp.446,466]

William J. Shroder

Cincinati, Ohio, USA

Vice chairman, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Miss Shultz

USA

American Jewish Congress

Rescue advocate

Shlomo Shvertok*

Swierzen Nowy Ghetto

Former secretary, Nowy Ghetto

Tried to procure arms for underground

Arrested, deported and murdered

Dudley D. Sicher

USA

Board of directors, 1934-1938, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Tzvi “Sidi” Seidenfeld (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Leader, Bnei Akiva

Worked in Swiss Glass House

Arrested and escaped

[Gur 2007. P.218]

Jacob Siegal

Chicago, Illinois, USA

Vice chairman, Jewish Labor Committee (JLC)

Manuel Siegel

South America; Cuba; USA; Shanghai, China

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) representative, South America, 1933-1950; Cuba, 1940-1945; Shanghai, 1941-1945

[JDC Archives, NY]

Denise Siekiershi

Southern France

Jewish rescuer

Mendel B. Silberberg

Los Angeles, California, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Dr. Abraham Silberschein (1882-1951)

Geneva, Switzerland

Director in Europe, Relief Committee for the War-stricken Jewish Population (RELICO)

Carl Silberstein

Switzerland

Rescue and relief activist

[Häsler 1969.]

Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver (1893-1963)

Cleveland, Ohio, USA

President, Zionist Organization of America

National chairman, United Palestine Appeal

Vice president, Zionist Organization of America (ZOA)

Co-chair, American Zionist Emergency Council

Co-chair, Palestine Foundation Fund, Inc.

Major rescue activist and leader

[Kranzler]

Eliezer Silver

New York, USA

President, Agudas Israel of America, Inc.

Archibald Silverman

Providence, Rhode Island, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Robert Silverman

New York, USA

Associate secretary, Palestine Foundation Fund (Keren Hayesod), Inc.

Sidney Silverman

Great Britain

Member of Parliament (MP)

Rescue advocate, lobbied Parliament

Édouard and Chatta Simon

Southern France

Directors, Moissac children’s shelter

[Lazare 1996.

Samuel 2002.]

Adina Simon

Netherlands, France

Rescuer, wife of Joachim Simon

Children Aid Rescue Society: OSE

Zionist Youth Movement:MJS

Ben L. Simon

 

Staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1931-1938

[JDC Archives, NY]

Joachim “Shushu” Simon*

Netherlands, France

Youth Aliya House, Loosdrecht, Holland

Children Aid Rescue Society: OSE

Zionist Youth Movement:MJS

Rescuer with the Westerweel Group

Member, Palestine Pioneers Rescue Group

Guided Jews across Belgian Border

Captured by Nazis, killed self

[Presser 1969.]

Julius Simon

USA

President, Palestine Economic Corporation

Kai Simonsen

Denmark

Secretary, Committee of the 4th of May, 1933

Rescue and relief activist

[Yahil 1969.]

Jacob Sincoff

USA

Associate treasurer, United Palestine Appeal

Edit Singer (Hadasa Hantos) (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Worked in Swiss Glass House

Arrested by Arrow Cross

[Gur 2007 p.126]

Józseph (Joseph) Singer (1923-1997)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonium

Underground activist, worked on protective bunkers

Captured and tortured, escaped

[Gur 2007. P.222]

Dr. Oskar Singer

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Publications Department

[Rothkirchen 2005.]

Dr. Samuel Singher

Bucharest, Romania

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), HIAS-ICA

[Ginzberg 1942. P.94

HIAS Archives, Yivo

JDC Archives, NY[

Philip Skornek

USA

Executive staff, 1944-1949, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Roman Slobodin

USA

Publicity staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1941

[JDC Archives, NY]

Eli Slomovics (Eli Shalev) (1922-1979)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

Underground activist, initiated bunkers in Budapest, fighter

Captured and escaped from Arrow Cross

[Gur 2007. P.219]

Benjamin Slor

Denmark

Zionist

Committee for Jewish Agricultural Studies

Trained/prepared Danish Jews for emigration to Palestine

[Yahil 1969.]

M. C. Sloss

San Francisco, California, USA

Vice chairman, Baord of Directors, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Maria Smolka*

Prague, Czechoslovakia

HIAS-ICA representative in Czechoslovakia

Helped Jews emigrate and escape

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Louis H. Sobel

South America; USA

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC); assistant secretary, 1944-1946, 1947

[JDC Archives, NY]

Sigmond I. Sobel

USA

Secretary, United Galician Jews of America

Moshe Sneh

Vilna, Lithuania

Worked in Palestine Office of the Jewish Adency in Vilna, Lithuania

Helped Jews escape to Palestine

[Bauer 1981.]

Emil Somer

France

Solidarity, Youth Section

Trade Union Activist

Lév Sonnenberg

 

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist

Arrested, sent to Ukraine, perished

[Gur 2007. P.224.]

Hersh Smolar (Alias: Yefin Stolervitch)

Minsk Ghetto

Founder, Head, Minsk Ghetto Underground

Helped many Jews escape ghetto

[Suhl pp.231-240]

Pierre Smolinski

France

Solidarity Youth Section

UGIF employee

[Adler 1987.]

Solomon (no first name given)

 

Jewish escapee from Koziel Camp near Auschwitz, reported on murder of Jews to Jewish leaders in Southern France

André Solomon

France

Entr’aide Français Israélite (EFI)

György Robert Solti* (1926-1945)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Distributed forged documents

Hid children

Caught and murdered

[Gur 2007. P.222]

Raphel Sólymón (Zsuzsanna Grunberger) (b.1925)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Obtained and distributed Aryan Protective Papers

[Gur 2007. P.223]

Sándor Somló “Uncle Somlo” (b.1880)

Budapest, Hungary

Opposed Jewish Council to illegally send out information on departion

Member, Gordon Circle

Helped procure food and supplies for Jews in camps and ghetto

Arrested and jailed

Helped rescue Jews from Slovakia, Yugoslavia, and Romania

[Braham 1981. P.630

Cohen 1986. Pp.183-184

Gur 2007. P.223

Yahil 1969. Pp.214-216]

Zsuzsa Somló (Shosha Böér) (b.1929)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist, courier, rescuer, distributed forged papers

[Gur 2007. P.67]

David Sompolinsky

Copenhagen, Denmark

Rescue activist, Leader Oct. 1943

Dr. Albert Sondheimer

 

American Joint Reconstruction Foundation

[JDC Archives, New York]

Mrs. Liesel “Sonnenkind”-Kant

Vienna

Officer, Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”) – Perl Transport

[Perl 1978.]

Settimio Sorani

Rome, Italy

Executive Committee, DELASEM (Aid Commission for Jewish Refugees; Delegazione Assistenza Emigranti)

Protected Jews in Rome

[Leboucher 1969.

Sarfatti 2006.

Waagenaar 1974.]

Ben Sorin

Minsk Ghetto

Forged ID and other documents

Suzanna Spaak

France

Leader, National Movement Against Racism (Mouvement National Contre le Racisme ; MNCR)

Organized childrens rescue network

[Lazare 1996.

Latour 1970.

Rayski 2005.]

Raphaël Spanien

Casablanca, North Africa; Marseilles, France; Italy

Member of the Council of the General Union of French Jews (UGIF-South)

Rescue and relief activist; American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Headed HIAS-ICA office, Casablanca and Marseilles offices, November 1944 set up offices in Rome, Napes, and Bari

[Cohen 1987.

Ginzberg 1942.

JDC Archives, NY]

Michael Speilman

Shanghai, China

Head of Committee for the Assistance of European Jewish Refugees in Shanghai (CAEJF)

[Kranzler]

Dorothy L. Speiser

USA

Executive staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1921-1968

[JDC Archives, NY]

Mauricio Speyer

Montivideo, Uruguay

Association Filantropica Israelita (AFI)

Modie J. Spiegel

Chicago, Ill, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Sandor “Sanyi” Spiegel

Ungvar & Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Underground activist

[Gur 2007. P.225]

Fritz Spielman

Austria

Head of Committee of Jews in Opole

Maccabi, arranged for emigration from Austria to Bolivia

László Spitzer (Somló) (b.1922)

Budapest, Hungary

Shimoni Group

Dept. A International Committee of The Red Cross (ICRC)

[Gur 2007. P.225]

Sima Spitzer*

Yugoslavia; Baltic countries

Secretary, Union of Jewish Communities in Yugoslavia

Secretary, Hilfskomite für Jüdische Flüchtlinge, Belgrade

Union of Jewish Communities

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything) – Perl Transport

[Ofer 1990. P.48

Perl 1979.]

Georges Spolianski*

Nice, France

Underground Committee of UJRE in Nice

Arrested by Germans, tortured and killed

[Rayski 2005.]

Sámuel (Shumuel) Springmann

Budapest, Hungary

Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv); Ichud

[Brahan 1981.

Cohen 1986.

Friling 2005.]

Srebrianski*

Minsk (Byelorussia)

Minsk Jewish Council (Police Commandant); promoted escape (rescue) from ghetto; shot

[Trunk 1972. P.466,522]

Abraham Srere

Detroit, Michigan, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Heinrich Stahl

Berlin, Germany

Reich Union, community leader

Deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp

[Levin 1968. P.186]

William G. Stanton

New York City, New York, USA

Chairman, National Executive Board, American Friends of a Jewish Palestine

Laszlo (Moshe) Stark (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist

Imprisoned and escaped several times

[Gur 2007. P.225]

Avraham Stavsky

Latvia; Greece; Poland; Baltic countries

Mossad Aliyah Bet

NZO/Betar

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

[Ofer 1990.

Perl 1978.]

Arik Stein

Slonim Ghetto, Zhabinka District, Belorussia

Armed partisan underground leader, Antifascist Committee

Helped Jews escape ghetto

Liberated Kosovo Jews, October 1943

Kalman Stein

London; New York

Representation of Polish Jewry

World Jewish Congress

Polish Government in Exile, 1943-1945

Karl Stein

Bohemia-Moravia, Czechoslovakia

Jewish community leader

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde), Department of Provinces

Confidential representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY

Rothkirchen 2005.]

Margot Stein

Southern France

OSE, Center – Hotel Bompart

Childrens Aid Rescue Society

[Samuel 2002.]

Nathan M. Stein

Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Andrei (Ondrej) Steiner (b. 1908)

Slovakia

Leader, Working Group (Pracovná Skupina)

Nebenregierung

Jewish Center Ustrendna Zidov (UZ), Department of Labor and Construction

[Dagan 1984. Vol.3 pp.205,248]

Hanna Steiner*

Czechoslovakia

Supreme Council of the Jewish Religious Congregations of Bohemia, Moravia & Silesia (JRC; Kulturgemeinde)

Leader, Jewish Aid Committee

President, Women’s International Zionist Organization (WIZO)

Leader, Committee for Aid for Refugees from Germany

Killed in Auschwitz in 1944

[Dagan 1984. Vol 1,2,3

Rothkirchen 2005.]

Hermann (“Tzvi Bebi”) Steiner (1922-2005)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Staff Department, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Forged documents, distributed Swiss Schutzpasse and vital supplies to the ghettos

[Gur 2007. P.226]

László Yitzhak “Itzki” Steiner (1925-2006)

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Underground activist

[Gur 2007. P.227]

Miriam Steiner (Bernson) (1928-2001)

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Underground activist

[Gur 2007. P.226]

Julius Steinfeld

Vienna, Austria

Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”), Perl Transport

Organized ship transports

[Perl 1978. Pp.116-117]

Jessie H. Steinhard

San Francisco, California, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Laurence Steinhardt

USA

United States Ambassador to Soviet Union, 1934-1943, and Turkey, 1943-1945; rescue advocate-activist

Worked with Ira Hirschmann, War Refugee Board (WRB)

[Hirschman]

Sholomo Steinhorn (“Pierre Lacaze”)

Southern France; Toulouse

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Armée Julif, Jewish Army

Rescue leader, Zionist Underground

[JDC Archives, NY

Porat 1990. P.113]

Shmuel Steinmetz (1923-1999)

 

Dror Habonim

Underground activist

[Gur 2007. P.227]

Adorján Stella

Budapest, Hungary

Clothes Collecting Company

Section I, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

[Braham 1981. P.998]

Hon. Adolph Stern

USA

HIAS board of directors, 1933-1939

Rescue activist

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956.]

David “Duda” Stern* (1915-1945)

Slovakia

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Aided refugees from Slovakia

Deported to death camp, shot in death march

[Gur 2007. P.228]

Edgar B. Stern

New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Eva Stern* (1913-1944) (Eva Friedl)

Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Helped refugees in Arad

Drowned on illegal aliya ship ‘Mafkura’

[Gur 2005.]

Henri Stern (Haim Shaanan) (b.1922)

 

 

Henry M. Stern

Rochester, NY, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Horace Stern

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Vice chairman, American Representatives of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

Board of Directors, JDC

[Friling 2005.

JDC Archives, NY]

Ignác (Yitzhak “Igi”) Stern (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Distributed protective documents, food, and supplies from Swiss Glass House

[Gur 2007. P.228]

Juliette Stern

Paris, France

General Council of French Jews (Union Général des Israélites de France, Service Five, Illegal Activities; UGIF) North Leader Group III

WIZO – Women’s International Zionist Organization

Worked with Eugene Minkowski

Arrested, escaped

[Adler 1987.

Cohen 1987.

Poznanski 2001.

Rayski 2005.]

Morton S. Stern

Newark, NJ, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Samuel Stern

Budapest, Hungary

Head of Jewish Reform movement (NEOLOG)

president of the Jewish Council (Zsido Tanacs)

[Braham 1981.]

Margit Girl Sternberg (1888-1975)

Hungary

Founder Mizrahi Women in Hungary, activist

[Gur 2007. Pp.229-230]

Yonatan Zvulon Sternberg (1880-1945)

 

Underground leader

Founder Mizrachi

[Gur 2007. P.229]

Eli Sternbuch

Switzerland

Brother of Yitzchor Sternbuch

[Friedenson 1984.

Kranzler 1987.]

Recha and Isaac Sternbuch

Geneva, Switzerland

Relief Organization for Jewish Refugees Abroad (in Shanghai; Hilfsverein für Jüdische Fluchtlinge)

Rescue Committee of the Orthodox Rabbis in the United States (Va’ad Hatsala; Emergency Committee for War Torn Yeshivot)

HIJEFS, secretary

Worked with Philip Bernadini and Consul Julius Kuhl

[Friedenson 1984.

Kranzler 1987.]

Leo Sternheim

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Yeshiva student, arranged for Dutch visas to Curacao

Ida Sterno

Belgium

Founder of the Jewish Defense Committee that rescued Jews.

Agnes Steuer (Lajila Arnstein) (b.1929) (Alias: Horváth Éva)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonium

Dept. A International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Helped refugees from Slovakia, distributed protective documents

[Gur 2007. P.230]

Andrew E. Stevens (Endre Steinberger (Alias: Endre Sólyom)

Budapest, Hungary

Forged and distributed protective papers

Worked for Red Cross

[Gur 2007. P.230]

Zsuzsa Steiner (Shoshana Barzel) (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Helped refugees from slovakia

Distributed Aryan and forged documents.

Warned Jews in ghettos in Hungarian provinces

[Gur 2007. P.53]

Toni Stern

Paris, France

UGIF-North Board, Social Services, United Defense Committee

[Adler 1987.

Lazare 1996.]

Mikulas (Miklos) Sternfeld

Bratislava

Committee of Bratislava

[Braham 1981. P.714]

Ernest Stiassy

USA

Chairman, American Council of Jews from Austria

Abraham Stiller

Helsinki, Finland

Refugee Committee of Finish Jews

Helsinki Jewish Congregation

Successfully lobbied Finnish official to prevent deportations

[Friedman p.281

Rautkallio 1987.]]

Lajos Stöckler

Budapest, Hungary

Jewish Council (Zsido Tanacs)

Prominent rescue activist-advocate

[Braham 1981.]

Elihu D. Stone

USA

Co-chairman, United Palestine Appeal

Marcel Stora*

Occupied zone, France

General Union of French Jews (UGIF-North) Leader Group I

Deported and killed in Auschwitz

[Adler 1987.

Cohen 1987.

Poznanski 2001.

Rayski 2005.]

Gillel Storch

Stockholm, Sweden

Chairman, World Jewish Congress (WJC) Swedish office

[Koblik 1988. P.50]

Hillel Storch

Austria

Germany

Rescued Jews in Nazi occupied areas including Germany and Austria

[Penkower 1983.]

Berthold (Bernard) Storfer*

Vienna, Austria

Founder and leader, Stern Bureau; Aliyah organizer

Disappeared, presumed killed

Arranged for immigration papers for Jews

Worked with Af-Al-Pi (“Despite Everything”)

Perl Transport

[Levin 1968.

Ofer 1990.

Perl 1978.]

Joseph Storfer

Bucharest, Romania

Rescue activist, brother of Berthold Storfer

Irwin Strasburger

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Hugh Grant Straus

Brooklyn, NY, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Mrs. Roger W. Straus

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Lewis Strauss

 

Member of subcommittee, High Commissioner for Refugees (League of Nations)

Lewis L. Strauss

New York, New York, USA

Council for German Jewry, London; Central Council for Jewish Refugees, London

Board of Directors, JDC

Nathan Strauss

New York, USA

Pilanthropist

Hon. Chairman, United Palestine Appeal

Robert Strickler

Vienna, Austria

Vice president, Jewish Community, Zionist leader

Arrested by Nazis, deported to Auschwitz

Mira Strogin

Minsk (Byelorussia)

Minsk Jewish Council, Labor Department; facilitated escape

Allan M. Strook

USA

Chair, German-Jewish Children’s Aid; European-Jewish Children’s Aid, 1941-1943

Sol M. Strook

New York, USA

President, American Jewish Committee (AJC)

Lewis Strurs

USA

American Jewish Congress

Refugee activist

[Zucker 2008.]

Dr. Mendel Sudarsky

Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania

Board of directors, Hebrew Immigrant Aid & Sheltering Society (HIAS)

[HIAS Archives, Yivo]

György Sugár (Avraham Karni)

Kolozsvár, Hungary (Budapest)

Dror Habonim

Warned Jews and organized rescue in provinces and in Budapest

[Gur 2007.]

Edward A. Suisman

Hartford, Conn., USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Walter Süsskind*

Amsterdam, Netherlands

Member of the Jewish Council in Amsterdam.  Member of the Expositur, coordinating the emigration of Jews.  Destroyed Jewish index and registration cards.  Rescued between 750-1,000 Jewish children from deportation.

Sent to Theresienstadt, then to Auschwitz with his family. All were murdered.

Rachmil Sullader

Southern France

Zionist Resistance, rescue activist

Victor Sullader

Southern France

Zionist Resistance, rescue activist

David H. Sulzberger

USA; England

Greater New York Comm. For the Aid of German Refugees

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) in England, 1943

Chairman of exec. Committee, National Refugee Service, Inc.

Frank Sulzberger

Chicago, Illinois, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Leon C. Sinstein

Philadelphia, PA, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Yehoshua Suprasky

Palestine

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Va’ad Le’ummi (National Council of Jews in Palestine)

[Friling 2005.]

Abraham Sutzkever

Soviet Union

Jewish Antifascist Committee (JAC)

Victor Svarg (“Souvard”)

Lyon, France

Leader, Children’s Aid Rescue Society (OSE ; Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants), Children’s Relief Section, East Central Division

[Klarsfeld 1985.]

Dr. Sweiger

Budapst, Hungary

Jewish Resistance

Nachman Swirski

Horodok

Treasurer, Horodok Jewish Council, promoted escape and rescue

[Trunk 1972. P.465]

Dr. Aron Syngalowski

France

Switzerland

Rescue and relief worker

Organization for Rehabilitation and Training of Jews (ORT)

[Häsler 1969.]

Israel (Jisráel) “Rebe” Szabó (1918-2003)

Romania

Maccabi Hatzair

Rescue activist

[Gur 2007. P.231]

Raphael Szafar

Teheran, Iran

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

Organization for Rehabilitation and Training of Jews (ORT)

[Friling 2005.]

Ernö Szalkai

Budapest, Hungary

Relief activist

Prof. Géza Szamosi (Ya’akov) (b.1922)

Budapest, Hungary

Hanoar Hatzioni

Distributed forged documents

He Halutz Rescue and Resistance

[Cohen 1986. P.225

Gur 2007. P.231]

Lázló Szamosi

Budapest, Hungary

Helped operate children’s home at 90 Dob Street, Budapest

[Cohen 1981. Pp. 173, 194, 271

Gur 2007. P.232]

Hedva Szántó (b.1923) (Hedvig Müller)

Budapest, Hungary

He Halutz Rescue and Resistance

Dror Habonim

Assisted refugees from Slovakia

Distributed forged documents

Helped Jews escape from ghetto

[Gur 2007. P.232]

Shmuel Szántó (b.1922)

Budapest, Hungary

He Halutz Rescue and Resistance

Dror Habonim

Underground activist

Captured

[Gur 2007. P.233]

Miklós Szegö*

Budapest, Hungary

Jewish Council (Zsido Tanacs)

Killed

Marci Székely* (1923-1944)

Budapest, Hungary

He Halutz Rescue and Resistance

Maccabi Hatzair

Underground partisan killed in action in 1944

[Gur 2007. P.233]

Tibor Szemere

Budapest, Hungary

Resistance

Worked at Swiss legation in Budapest

[Gur 2007.]

Hava Szendrö (Bruck) (b.1925)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Underground activist, captured, tortured

[Gur 2007. Pp.233-234]

Dr. Károly Szendro (1913-1985)

Budapest, Hungary

Leader, Gordon, Borhov Circles

Management of Swiss Glass House

[Gur 2007. P.234]

Hannah Szenes* (1921-1944)

Yugoslavia; Hungary

Yishuv partisan, Parachutist

Captured and murdered by Hungarian Arrow Cross, November 7, 1944

[Friling 2005.

Gur 2007. P.235]

Dr. László Szennik

Budapest, Hungary

Volunteer Ambulance Service of Budapest (BÖME)

Rescued wounded Jews

[Braham 1981. P.986]

Mr. Rafal Szereszowski

 

American Joint Reconstruction Foundation

[JDC Archives, New York]

Ernö (Zvi) Szilágyi (1898-1973)

Budapest, Hungary

Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv); Ha-Shomer ha-Tsa’ir, Gordon Circle

Vice President, Hungarian Zionist Assn.

Jewish Council (Zsido Tanacs)

Major rescue activist leader

[Braham 1981. Pp.107,939,941

Gur 2007. Pp.235-236]

Lev (Lajos) Szirtes* (1920-1943)

Ujvdiek (Novi Sad)

Anti-facist partisan

Killed

[Gur 2007. P.236]

David Szlamowicz

France

Activist

[Adler 1987.]

Henrietta Szold (1860-1945)

USA; Palestine

Zionist leader, rescue activist

Founder, Hadassah, 1912

The Women’s Zionist Organization (WZO)

Leader, Youth Aliya, 1933-1945

Hon. Chair, United Palestine Appeal

Robert Szold

New York, USA

Officer, Emergency Committee for Zionist Affairs

Vice chairman, Palestine Economic Corporation

Vice chairman, American Representatives of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

Vice president, Zionist Organization of America

Mrs. Robert Szold

New York, USA

The Women’s Zionist Organization of America (WZO)

H. Szoszkies

USA

Vice chairman, Association of Jewish Refugees from Poland

[Cohen 1986. Pp.196,198]

Szücs

Budapest, Hungary

He Halutz Resistance

[Cohen p.196]

Ignacy Swarcbart (1888-1961)

London, England

Polish National Council, London 1940-1945

Mmber, Polsh SEJM, 1938-1939

Major and relief activist

Advocated rescue effort by allies, worked with Szmuel Zygielbojm

[Braham 1981. Pp.694-696

Posner p.317]

Yitzak Tabenkin (1887-1971)

Palestine

Joint Rescue Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (JA; Yishuv)

[Friling 2005.

Ofer 1990. Pp.8,12]

Georges Tachnoff

France

Solidarity Leadership Youth Section

[Adler 1987.]

Colonel Avram Tadzhler

Bulgaria

President, Jewish Consistory;

Community leader, former Army officer, rescue advocate

Lobbied Bulgarian government to stop deportations

[Chary 1970. P.94]

Schmuel Tagansky

Palestine

Palestine Landing Organization (Irgun) EZEL

Jean Tancerman

France

UJRE

[Adler 1987.]

Solomon Taraszansky

Poland, Lithuania

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC); Poland, 1932-1939; Lithuania, 1939-1941

[JDC Archives, NY]

A. B. Tart

USA

Executive vide chairman, American ORT Foundation

Arieh Tartakower (1897-1982)

Poland, USA

Founder and chairman, Histadrut (General Federation of Jewish Workers), 1922-1939

Secretary general, World Jewish Congress (WJC), 1941

Deputy director, Institute of Jewish Affairs (WJC), 1940-1946

Head of Relief and Rehabilitation, WJC, 1939-1946

Representation of Polish Jewry, WJC

Chairman, Association of Jewish Refugees and Immigrants from Poland

F. Tauber

USA

Vice chairman, Association of Jewish Refugees and Immigrants from Poland

Dr. László Tauber

Budapest, Hungary

Physician, medical relief activist

Appointed by Jewish Council to set up a hospital and medical cae center in Pest Ghetto

[Braham 1981. Pp.851,864]

Konstanty Tchorznicki

Krakow, Poland

Head, Central Welfare Council (RGO; Rada Glowna Opiekuncza), October 1943

Massimo Teglio

Genoa, Italy

Leader, DELASEM (Aid Commission for Jewish Refugees; Delegazione Assistenza Emigranti) in Genoa after November 1943

Helped save numerous Jews, worked with Catholic clergy and Lay leaders

[Leboucher 1969.

Sarfatti 2006. Pp.208, 393]

Mayer Teich

Transnistria

Jewish leader, bribed authorities, interceded with Nazi authorities

Suceava Jewish Council

[Laquer 2001. P.638]

Bronislaw (Bruce) Teicholtz

Budapest, Hungary

Polish Refugee Committee, head in Budapest

Rescue leader

Relief and Rescue Committee of Budapest

World Jewish Congress

[Braham 1981. P.705]

Efra (Agmon) Teichmann

 

He Halutz Resistance (Zionist Youth Resistance)

Rescued Jews in provinces and Jews conscripted in labor battalions

Worked with Swedish Legation

Distributed protective documents

[Braham 1981. Pp.998,1000-1001]

Aron Teitelbaum

New York, New York, USA

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC); executive committee, 1921-1932; board of directors, 1931-1944

[JDC Archives, NY]

Ludwig Teitz

Germany

National Committee of Jewish Youth Organizations

Executive Secretary, Central Committee of the German Jews for Help and Reconstruction (ZA)

Mordechai Tenenbaum* (1916-1943)

Poland

Major Zionist leader youth movement

Leader, Anti-Fascist Fighting group

Leader, organized Jewish Fighting Organization (JFO/ZOB)

Warned Jews of deportations, helped lead resistance in Bialystock Ghetto uprising

Killed

[Holocaust Encyclopedia 1990.]

Zalman Tenenbaum

Poland

Chairman of the Piotrków Trybunalski Ghetto Council; promoted rescue

Samuel A. Telsey

New York, USA

Director, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America (HIAS-ICA), delegate and vice president, board of directors

[HIAS Archives, Yivo

Wischnitzer 1956.]

Nissim Testa

Yugoslavia

Yishuv Parachutist

Liaison with Yugoslav partisans

[Friling 2005.]

Sigmund Thau

USA

Vice president, United Galician Jews of America

David Tiano

Salonika, Greece

Chief Jewish clerk at USA embassy in Salonika

Alter Tiktin

Naliboki Forest

Novogrudok

Bielski Partisan group leader

[TEC]

Judith Topcha

France

Leaf Poale-Zion

[Adler 1987.]

Michel Topiol

Southern France

Federation of Jewish Associations of France

Dobouchage Committee, Vice President of the Jewish Agency for Palestine

Refugee Aid Committee

Federation of Jewish Associations of France

[Latour 1970.

Lazare 1996.]

Mr. Torczyner

Vienna, Austria

Maccabi (Youth Aliya)

Ágnes Tornay (Rahel Deutsch) (b.1924)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Helped refugees from Slovakia

Warned Jews in the Hungarian provinces

Wife of Ya’akov Deutsch

[Gur 2007. P.72]

Mrs. Roman Totenberg

New York, USA

Chairperson, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Junior Division (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Ester Tov (Erzsébet Scheer) (b.1920)

Izbeg, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Helped elderly Jews

[Gur 2007. P.236]

Shlomo Travis

New York, USA

Vice president, Agudas Israel of America

Mr. Elimelech Tress

New York, USA

Leader, Zeirei Agudath Israel of America

Michael G. Tress

New York, USA

President, Agudath Israel Youth Council of America

Harold Trobe

Lisbon, Portugal

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC); Lisbon, 1944-1945; executive staff, 1944-1956

[JDC Archives, NY]

Jacob Trobe

 

Overseas staff, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Senator Jacob Trockenheim

 

American Joint Reconstruction Foundation

 

 

JDC Archives, New York

Alexander Trocki

Marseilles, France

Co-director, Marseilles office, HIAS-ICA

[Ginzberg 1942.

HIAS Archives, Yivo, NY]

Solomon Trone

Lisbon, Portugal

Overseas staff, Eurexco, Dominican Republic Settlement Association (DORSA), 1939-1940

[Ginzberg 1942. P.184

JDC Archives, NY]

Morris C. Troper (1892-1962)

New York, New York, USA

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Executive Committee, Board of Directors, (JDC); Eurexco chairman, 1938-1942

[JDC Archives, NY]

Roger Trugman

France

Warned Jews of deportation in France

[Rayski 2005.]

Luba Tryszynska (“Angel of Bergen-Belsen”)

Bergen-Belsen concentration camp

Jewish prisoner in Bergen-Belsen, 1945.  Saved 45 Dutch children.

Shmarya Tsameret

Athens, Greece

Mossad Aliyah Bet

[Ofer 1990.]

Boris Tschlenoff

Geneva, Switzerland

Head, Children’s Aid Rescue Society (Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants ; OSE) in Switzerland

[Ginzberg 1942. P.181]

Rabbi Daniel Tsion

Sofia, Bulgaria

President, Jewish Religious Court

Community leader, major rescue advocate; lobbied senior Bulgarian officials

[Chary 1970. Pp.147-150, 167, 189]

Niunia Tsirinski

Slonim Ghetto, Zhabinka District, Belorussia

Partisan leader, Antifascist Committee

Helped Jews escape ghetto

Liberated Kosovo Jews, October 1943

Henry Turk

Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Vice chairman, Jewish Labor Committee

Z. Tygel

New York City, New York, USA

Executive vice president, American Friends of Polish Jews

Baruh Tzahor (Béla Weisz) (b.1922)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Habonim

Helped refugees, distributed foged papers, partisan fighter

[Gur 2007. P.237]

Dov Tzahor (Berthold Weisz) (1917-1995)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Relief and Rescue Committee, Budapest

Helped refugees from Slovakia

[Gur 2007. P.237]

Miriam Tzahor (Mirjam Eisenberg Weisz)

Budapest, Hungary

Bnei Akiva

Underground activist

[Gur 2007. P.238]

Hiam Tzur (Endre Burger) (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Helped refugees from Slovakia, caught, imprisoned, escaped

[Gur 2007. P.238]

Lea Tzur (Olga Wertheimer) (b.1925)

Debrecen/Budapest, Hungary

Rescue activist

[Gur 2007. P.238]

Jerome I. Udell

New York, New York, USA

Board of Directors, JDC

Ehud Ueberall (Avriel)

Austria; Bratislava, Slovakia

Aliyah Bet

Zionist Youth

Sándor György Ujváry

Budapest, Hungary

Journalist of Jewish ancestry

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC); Vatican legation

Distributed protective documents

[Braham 1981. Pp.998,1000,1001

Levai 1948. Pp.371-374]

Fritz Ullmann

Prague, Czechoslovakia

Community leader, rescue activist

[Ofer 1990. p.52

Rothkirchen 2005. p.266]

Dr. Alexandre Ungár

Budapest, Hungary

Dentist, President of Mizrahi, Budapest

Posed as Swiss diplomat

Dr. Meir Béla Ungár (1899-1974)

Budapest, Hungary

Founder, Hahashmona’im

Secretary and Chairman Maccabea

Leader of Hakoah

Member Mizrahi

Rescue activist, produced protective documents in Swiss Glass House

[Gur 2007. P.239]

Samuel David Ungar

Slovakia

Leader, Working Group (Pracovná Skupina); rescue activist

Rabbi Zikmund Ungeer

Terezin Ghetto

Former Chief Rabbi of Brno

Council of Elders Terezin Ghetto

Assistant to Jacon Edelstein

[Rothkirchen 2005. P.266]

Menachem Ussishkin

Palestine

Jewish Agency for Palestine, executive

Rescue advocate

[Ofer p.27]

Isaac Ussoskin

 

American Joint Reconstruction Foundation

[JDC Archives, New York]

Moses Ussoskin

Bucharest, Romania

Union of Jewish Communities (Federatia Uniunilor de Comunitati Evreesti)

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee Representative

[JDC Archives, NY]

Hugo Valentine

Stockholm, Sweden

Chaitman, Zionist Federation

Rescue and relief activist

[Yahil 1969. P.25]

Jo?ef Vajda (Joseph Dotan) (b.1923)

Budapest, Hungary

Hashomer Hatzair

Worked in Swiss Glass House preparing and distributing protective Schutzpasse

[Gur 2007. P.75]

Zsigmond (Shima) Vajda (1908-2005)

Budapest, Hungary

Dror Ha’oved

Helped refugees from Slovakia

[Gur 2007. Pp.239-240]

Zorzeta Vajdman* (Zorzeta Weidman) (1924-1942)

Újvidék (Novi Sad)

Hashomer Hatzair

Murdered by Hungarian Soldiers January 1942

[Gur 2007. P.241]

I. Valk*

Vilna, Lithuania

HIAS-ICA Representative in Vilna

Killed by Nazis

[HIAS Archives, Yivo]

Celine Vallee

Paris, France

Children’s Aid Rescue Society (OSE ; Œuvre de Secours aux Enfants)

Lelio Vittorio Valobra

Italy

Founder and first leader, DELASEM (Aid Commission for Jewish Refugees; Delegazione Assistenza Emigranti), 1939-1943; attorney

Worked with Fr. Marie-Bénoit and Angelo Donati

[Leboucher 1969.

Sarfatti 2006.

Waagenaar 1974.]

Isidoor van Dam

Netherlands

Jewish Council leader, Enschede, Holland; urged Jews to go into hiding; developed underground rescue movement

[Presser 1969.]

Jacques van der Kar

Schouwburg, Netherlands

Jewish Council worker; helped Jews escape

[Presser 1969.]

Gertrude van Tijn

Netherlands

Head, Social Work Section, Jewish Women’s Organization

Representative, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1933-September 1943

Helped organize and run CJV with R. H. Eitje

Arrested and deported to Westerbork and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps

[JDC Archives, NY

Presser 1969.]

Rahel Vardi (Gabriella Flohr) (b.1923)

Slovakia-Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Smuggled Jews from Slovakia to Hungary, Hid & fed them

Caught, deported to Auschwitz, survived

[Gur 2007. P.240]

Dr. Imre Varga

Budapest, Hungary

Rescue advocate tried to get Jewish Council to save Jews in Hungarian provinces

Committee suicide

[Braham 1981. P.626]

Josef Varon

Bulgaria

Yishuv Parachutist

[Friling 2005.]

Alexander “Alex” Vas (Prof. Alexander Barzel) (1921-2005)

Budapest, Hungary

Maccabi Hatzair

Underground activist, distributed forged protective documents

[Gur 2007. P.52]

Vilmos Vasadi

Budapest, Hungary

Relief activist

Elie Veissi

Solonika, Greece

Lead Jewish resistance group

Tried to warn Jews of deportation

Arrested, deported to Auschwitz

[Levin 1968. P.526]

Lodewijk E. Visser (1871-1942)

Netherlands

Chief Justice, Dutch Supreme Court

Chairman, Jewish Co-ordinating Committee

Relief activist

[Presser 1969.]

Harry Viteles

Teheran, Iran

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Charney B. Vladeck

USA

Executive committee, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), 1926-1938

Chairman, Jewish Labor Committee (JLC)

[JDC Archives, NY]

Laia Voldman

Southern France

Rescuer, Armée Juive (AJ), Jewish Army

Romark Volteger*

France

HIAS-ICA (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society), Emigration Association of France

Killed

[HIAS Archives, Yivo, NY

Wischnitzer 1956. P.192]

Hiam Vito Volterra

Italy

Jewish partisan leader

Monte San Marino Group

Liberated concentration camp at Servigliano, May 1944

F. Frank Vorenberg

Moston, MA., USA

Board of Drectors, JDC

Rudolph Vrba (Walter Rosenberg)

Slovakia

Escaped from Auschwitz-Birkenau; wrote Auschwitz Report (Protocols); warned Jews

[Braham 1981. Pp.708-710

Kranzler 2000.

Verba]